|Birth name||Lincoln R. Chase|
|Born||29 June 1926|
|Died||6 October 1980(aged 54)|
|Labels||Decca, RCA, Dawn, Liberty, Columbia, Paramount|
|Associated acts||LaVern Baker
Lincoln R. Chase (29 June 1926 – 6 October 1980) was an African-American songwriter and occasional recording artist. As a writer, his most notable songs were "Such a Night", "Jim Dandy", and several of Shirley Ellis' hits in the early 1960s including "The Name Game" and "The Clapping Song".
Chase was born in New York, the only child of West Indian immigrants. Lorenzo, his father, was born in Cuba and his mother, Edith (or Elizabeth), was a native of the British West Indies. He was raised in New York City.
He studied at the American Academy of Music in New York City, and signed as a recording artist for Decca Records in 1951. However, his single releases for Decca and, later, other labels including RCA, Dawn, Liberty and Columbia were unsuccessful.
As a songwriter, early recordings of his songs included "Rain Down Rain" by Big Maybelle, and "Salty Tears" by Chuck Willis (both 1952), and "Mend Your Ways" by Ruth Brown (May 1953). His first real success came when his song "Such a Night" was recorded by The Drifters, featuring Clyde McPhatter, in November 1953. The song reached #2 on the Billboard R&B chart in early 1954, and was covered by Johnnie Ray, whose version reached #1 on the UK singles chart. A version recorded by Elvis Presley in 1960 also became a hit in 1964, and the song has subsequently been recorded by many other musicians.
Chase's next major success came with "Jim Dandy", recorded in 1956 by LaVern Baker and the Gliders. The song rose to #1 on the US R&B chart and #17 on the Hot 100 in early 1957. Chase also wrote the follow-up record, "Jim Dandy Got Married". He released an album on Liberty Records in 1957, The Explosive Lincoln Chase, recorded with the Spencer Hagen Orchestra.
In 1959, he met singer Shirley Ellis, and worked as her manager for the next few years. Contrary to some reports, they were never married. After collaborating on several unsuccessful singles, he wrote the song "The Nitty Gritty" for her, and it rose to #8 on the Hot 100 in early 1964. Several follow-ups written (or co-written) by Chase - "(That's) What The Nitty Gritty Is", "The Name Game", and "The Clapping Song (Clap Pat Clap Slap)" - also made the US pop charts.
In 1973, Chase released a second album under his own name, Lincoln Chase 'N You, on Paramount Records. Featuring drummer Idris Muhammad, it has been described as "trippy, odd and funky all at the same time....a bit like a black Frank Zappa but groovier."
Chase died in the Atlanta area on 6 October 1980 at the age of 54.
- "United States Social Security Death Index". FamilySearch. Retrieved 16 Aug 2014.
- Dead Rock Stars Club: Lincoln Chase. Some sources state 1925.
- "United States Census, 1940". FamilySearch. 11 Apr 1940. Retrieved 16 Aug 2014.
- Tocosongs: Review of Shirley Ellis, The Complete Congress Recordings, 10 September 2008
- The Vocal Group Hall of Fame: The Drifters
- Marv Goldberg's R&B Notebooks: LaVern Baker
- Billboard magazine, 12 August 1957, p,63
- Sleeve photo, The Explosive Lincoln Chase
- Liberty Records Discography
- Malcolm Baumgart and Mick Patrick, The Story of Shirley Ellis, Spectropop.com
- Tom Simon: Shirley Ellis
- Biography by Ron Wynn at Allmusic.com
- Discogs: Lincoln Chase ´N You
- Lincoln Chase 'N You at RateYourMusic.com
- Trunk Records, Winter 2000