Linstock

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For the village in Cumbria, see Linstock, Cumbria.
A linstock
Firing of a field gun of the early 17th century with a linstock

A linstock (also called a lintstock) is a staff with a fork at one end to hold a lighted slow match. The name was adapted from the Dutch lontstok, "match stick".[1] Linstocks were used for discharging cannons in the early days of artillery; the linstock allowed the gunner to stand further from the cannon[2] as it was dangerous applying the lighted match to the touch hole at the breech of the gun.

Design[edit]

Linstocks had serpentine jaws to grip the slow match and a sharp point at the base to stick in the ground.[3] In emergencies gunners could use the spear blade as a weapon to defend the cannon.[4]

Like most early modern military equipment the linstock had a second function; 16th century examples had measurements in inches and a protractor engraved on the blade to allow the gun captain to check the angle.

Obsolescence[edit]

By the 18th century flintlock firing devices had been introduced, rendering the artillery linstock obsolete[5] though the linstock remained in service in many places where the older form of ignition was used, including America during the War of Independence and parts of Europe during the Napoleonic Wars.[6] During the War of 1812 and American Civil War gun crews were issued linstocks[7] which were used when the flintlock and percussion cap-ignited primers failed.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Linstock Definition | Definition of Linstock at Dictionary.com". Dictionary.reference.com. Retrieved 2009-11-05. 
  2. ^ Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  3. ^ Duncan I MacLeod (2003-03-14). "The Artillery Garden". Dimacleod.co.uk. Retrieved 2009-11-05. 
  4. ^ Don Troiani's soldiers in America ... - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2009-11-05. 
  5. ^ "linstock: Definition from". Answers.com. Retrieved 2009-11-05. 
  6. ^ "An early nineteenth century linstock". Goantiques.com. Retrieved 2009-11-05. 
  7. ^ "Articles on Civil War Arms - Civil War Talk.com - Shooting Muzzleloading Artillery Safely". Civil War Talk.com. 2008-01-13. Retrieved 2009-11-05. 
  8. ^ "CWN Artillery Safety". Civilwarnews.com. Retrieved 2009-11-05.