List of rotorcraft used in World War II

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Autogyros and helicopters were used during World War II.

Germany[edit]

Some types in use of Luftwaffe and Kriegsmarine

  • Focke-Wulf Fw C.30A - licence-built Cierva C.30A general purpose autogyro)
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 186 (Liaison autogyro, single example built before cancelled
  • Focke-Wulf Autogyro-Helicopter (Experimental prototype)
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 61 - Experimental helicopter, first flew 1936
  • Focke Achgelis Fa 330 "Bachstelze" (Autogyro-Glider/Observation vehicle)
  • Focke Achgelis Fa 266 "Hornisse" (Civil Transport helicopter), re-designated as Fa 223 in 1939 before the first prototype flew.
  • Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 "Drache" -General use helicopter, a few built and used in mountainous areas
  • Focke-Achgelis Fa 225 - single-seat rotary wing glider, one built
  • Focke Achgelis Fa 284 (Flying Crane/Heavy Transport helicopter) prototype designed but not completed
  • Flettner Fl 184 (Two-seat reconnaissance/ anti-submarine autogyro. One built and crashed in 1936 before project cancelled
  • Flettner Fl 185 Heligyro (helicopter-autogyro)
  • Flettner Fl 265 (Twin Rotor Liaison-Observation helicopter, pioneer of synchropter confguration)
  • Flettner Fl 282A/B "Kolibri" (attack synchropter)
  • Flettner Fl 339 (Reconnaissance helicopter)
  • Nagler-Hafner RI Revoplane(Experimental helicopter)
  • Nagler-Hafner RII Revoplane(Single-place helicopter)
  • Nagler-Hafner Heliogyro (Autogyro-helicopter)
  • Nagler-Rolz RI (Single-place helicopter)
  • Nagler-Rolz RII (Single-place helicopter)
  • Nagler-Rolz NR 54 (One-Man portable helicopter)
  • Nagler-Rolz Nr 55 (One-Man portable helicopter)
  • Baumgartl "Heliofly" I (Light Autogyro-glider)
  • Baumgartl "Heliofly" III-57 (Two Contra-rotating helicopter)
  • Baumgartl "Heliofly" III-59 (Little and light disarmable helicopter)
  • Wiener Neustadter (Doblohff) WNF 342 (Tip-Jet helicopter)
  • Weserflug P.1003/1 VTOL (Vertical TakeOff and Landing) aircraft project
  • AEG (Schimdt) Electric-Tethered Helicopter (Unmanned Vehicle for raising radio antenna or Manned aerial observation platform)

United States[edit]

In use by USAAF, US Navy and USCG

  • Kellet KD-1A (La Cierva C.30A) (General Use Autogyro)
  • Sikorsky VS-300 (Experimental helicopter)
  • Sikorsky R-4B "Hoverfly" (General helicopter)
  • Sikorsky YR-4B "Hoverfly" (Ambulance/Sea Patrol helicopter)
  • Sikorsky R-5A (Rescue/Reconnaissance helicopter)
  • Platt-LePage XR-1 (Experimental helicopter)
  • Kellet Cobra XX-9 (Attack helicopter)

Great Britain[edit]

In use by RAF and FAA

  • Avro 671 "Rota" Mk.1 (licence-built Cierva C.30A) (General purpose autogyro - used for radar station testing)
  • Cierva W.5 - 2-seater twin outrigger rotor helicopter, first flight 1938.
  • Cierva W.6 - twin rotor helicopter, flown in 1939
  • Cierva W.9 - jet efflux torque compensation design. Built in 1944 but not flown until 1945.
  • Bristol "Heliogyro" RI/II (Experimental helicopter)
  • Sikorsky "Hoverfly" I -service name for Sikorsky R-4 used at RAF Helicopter Training School from 1945
  • Hafner Rotabuggy (also known as "Malcolm Rotaplane" and "M.L. 10/42 Flying Jeep") - rotary wing glider attachment for landing jeeps. tested in 1944 but introduction of vehicle-carrying gliders led to cancellation of project
  • Hafner Rotachute - one-man rotor-kite for landing assault troops. Not adopted but used instead for testing in support of Rotabuggy project

Canada[edit]

In use for RCAF

  • Avro 671 "Rota" Mk.1 (La Cierva C.30A) (General Purpose Autogyro)
  • Sikorsky R-4B "Hoverfly" (General Purpose Helicopter)

Soviet Union[edit]

In use for Red Army and V-VS

  • TsAGI (Kamov) A-7/7bis (Liaison and Observation Autogyro)

Japan[edit]

In use by Japanese Army/Navy Air Service

References[edit]