List of integrals of logarithmic functions

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The following is a list of integrals (antiderivative functions) of logarithmic functions. For a complete list of integral functions, see list of integrals.

Note: x>0 is assumed throughout this article, and the constant of integration is omitted for simplicity.

Integrals involving only logarithmic functions[edit]

\int\ln ax\;dx = x\ln ax - x
\int\ln (ax + b)\;dx = \frac{(ax+b)\ln(ax+b) - ax}{a}
\int (\ln x)^2\; dx = x(\ln x)^2 - 2x\ln x + 2x
\int (\ln x)^n\; dx = x\sum^{n}_{k=0}(-1)^{n-k} \frac{n!}{k!}(\ln x)^k = \Theta(x (\ln x)^n)
\int \frac{dx}{\ln x} = \ln|\ln x| + \ln x + \sum^\infty_{k=2}\frac{(\ln x)^k}{k\cdot k!}
\int \frac{dx}{\ln x} = \text{li}(x) = the logarithmic integral (asymptotically, \text{li}(x) = \Theta(\frac{x}{\ln x})).
\int \frac{dx}{(\ln x)^n} = -\frac{x}{(n-1)(\ln x)^{n-1}} + \frac{1}{n-1}\int\frac{dx}{(\ln x)^{n-1}} \qquad\mbox{(for }n\neq 1\mbox{)}

Integrals involving logarithmic and power functions[edit]

\int x^m\ln x\;dx = x^{m+1}\left(\frac{\ln x}{m+1}-\frac{1}{(m+1)^2}\right) \qquad\mbox{(for }m\neq -1\mbox{)}
\int x^m (\ln x)^n\; dx = \frac{x^{m+1}(\ln x)^n}{m+1} - \frac{n}{m+1}\int x^m (\ln x)^{n-1} dx  \qquad\mbox{(for }m\neq -1\mbox{)}
\int \frac{(\ln x)^n\; dx}{x} = \frac{(\ln x)^{n+1}}{n+1}  \qquad\mbox{(for }n\neq -1\mbox{)}
\int \frac{\ln{x^n}\;dx}{x} = \frac{(\ln{x^n})^2}{2n} \qquad\mbox{(for }n\neq 0\mbox{)}
\int \frac{\ln x\,dx}{x^m} = -\frac{\ln x}{(m-1)x^{m-1}}-\frac{1}{(m-1)^2 x^{m-1}} \qquad\mbox{(for }m\neq 1\mbox{)}
\int \frac{(\ln x)^n\; dx}{x^m} = -\frac{(\ln x)^n}{(m-1)x^{m-1}} + \frac{n}{m-1}\int\frac{(\ln x)^{n-1} dx}{x^m} \qquad\mbox{(for }m\neq 1\mbox{)}
\int \frac{x^m\; dx}{(\ln x)^n} = -\frac{x^{m+1}}{(n-1)(\ln x)^{n-1}} + \frac{m+1}{n-1}\int\frac{x^m dx}{(\ln x)^{n-1}}  \qquad\mbox{(for }n\neq 1\mbox{)}
\int \frac{dx}{x \ln x} = \ln \left|\ln x\right|
\int \frac{dx}{x \ln x \ln \ln x} = \ln \left|\ln \left|\ln x\right| \right|, etc.
\int \frac{dx}{x\ln \ln x} = \text{li}(\ln x) where li is the logarithmic integral.
\int \frac{dx}{x^n\ln x} = \ln \left|\ln x\right| + \sum^\infty_{k=1} (-1)^k\frac{(n-1)^k(\ln x)^k}{k\cdot k!}
\int \frac{dx}{x(\ln x)^n} = -\frac{1}{(n-1)(\ln x)^{n-1}} \qquad\mbox{(for }n\neq 1\mbox{)}
\int \ln(x^2+a^2)\; dx = x\ln(x^2+a^2)-2x+2a\tan^{-1} \frac{x}{a}
\int \frac{x}{x^2+a^2}\ln(x^2+a^2)\; dx = \frac{1}{4} \ln^2(x^2+a^2)

Integrals involving logarithmic and trigonometric functions[edit]

\int \sin (\ln x)\;dx = \frac{x}{2}(\sin (\ln x) - \cos (\ln x))
\int \cos (\ln x)\;dx = \frac{x}{2}(\sin (\ln x) + \cos (\ln x))

Integrals involving logarithmic and exponential functions[edit]

\int e^x \left(x \ln x - x - \frac{1}{x}\right)\;dx = e^x (x \ln x - x - \ln x)
\int \frac{1}{e^x} \left( \frac{1}{x}-\ln x \right)\;dx = \frac{\ln x}{e^x}
\int e^x \left( \frac{1}{\ln x}- \frac{1}{x\ln^2 x} \right)\;dx = \frac{e^x}{\ln x}

n consecutive integrations[edit]

For n consecutive integrations, the formula

\int\ln x\;dx = x\;(\ln x - 1) +C_{0}

generalizes to

\int\cdot\cdot\cdot\int\ln x\;dx\cdot\cdot\cdot\;dx    =   \frac{x^{n}}{n!}\left(\ln\,x-\sum_{k=1}^{n}\frac{1}{k}\right)+ \sum_{k=0}^{n-1} C_{k} \frac{x^{k}}{k!}

References[edit]