Liu Xiang

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Liu Xiang
Liu Xiang Doha 2010 cropped.jpg
Liu Xiang in 2010
Personal information
Nationality Chinese
Born (1983-07-13) July 13, 1983 (age 30)
Putuo District, Shanghai
Height 1.89 m (6 ft 2 12 in)
Weight 85 kg (187 lb)
Sport
Country  China
Sport Athletics
Event(s) 110m hurdles
Updated on July 12, 2012.
Liu Xiang
Osaka07 D7A Xiang Liu celebrating.jpg
Liu Xiang celebrating at the 2007 World Championship as he became the World Champion for the first time.
Simplified Chinese 刘翔
Traditional Chinese 劉翔
Hanyu Pinyin Liú Xiáng

Liu Xiang (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Liú Xiáng; born July 13, 1983 in Putuo District, Shanghai) is a Chinese 110 meter hurdler. Liu is an Olympic Gold medalist and World Champion.[1] His 2004 Olympic gold medal was the first in a men's track and field event for China.

Liu is one of China's most commercially successful athletes and has emerged as a cultural icon.[2] He is the first Chinese athlete to achieve the "triple crown" of athletics: World Record Holder, World Champion and Olympic Champion. He was the favorite to win another gold in the 110 metre hurdles at the Beijing Olympics,[3] but he had to withdraw from competition at the last moment after a false start and aggravation to a previously unrevealed injury. Again a gold medal favourite in the 110 metre hurdles at the London Olympics he pulled his achilles tendon attempting to clear the first hurdle in the heats.[4]

Career[edit]

Early career[edit]

In May 2001, he won at the East Asian Games in Osaka, Japan with a time of 13.42 seconds. In August 2001, he won at the Universiade in Beijing, China with a time of 13.33 seconds.[5] He also won at the 9th National Games of the People's Republic of China that same year.[6]

In 2002 he set an Asian record time at the Athletissima meeting, completing the event in 13.12 seconds. This also broke Renaldo Nehemiah's long standing and world junior record, which had stood for almost 25 years. The following year he secured bronze medals in the 60 metres hurdles at the 2003 IAAF World Indoor Championships and the 110 m hurdles at the 2003 World Championships in Athletics.[7]

2004 Olympics[edit]

In May 2004 at an IAAF Grand Prix race in Osaka, Japan, Liu managed to beat Allen Johnson with a personal best record time of 13.06 seconds[citation needed]. He improved even further at the 2004 Athens Olympics. Although he was not considered a favourite for the event[citation needed], he won the Olympic final by some distance to take the gold medal in a world record-equalling time of 12.91 seconds, matching the feat of Colin Jackson. This was a new Olympic record and was almost three tenths of a second faster than the runner-up Terrence Trammell. The performance had Liu the sixth man to run under 13 seconds for the event and was China's first men's Olympic gold medal in a track and field event.[7] On top of this, it defied the traditional thinking that Asian athletes could not compete in sprint events at the top level[citation needed]. He said that his gold medal "changes the opinion that Asian countries don't get good results in sprint races. I want to prove to all the world that Asians can run very fast."[8]

Liu, a 21-year-old student at East China Normal University at the time of his Athens victory, became the object of a bidding war between commercial sponsors. The Chinese Track and Field Association restricted him to four such deals.[citation needed]

Liu finished the season with four of the year's ten fastest clockings[citation needed]. Reaching 17 finals in the 60 m indoor hurdles and the 110 metre hurdles, he lost just two, both to American Allen Johnson[citation needed].

2005 and 2007 World Championships[edit]

In August 2005, Liu won a silver medal at the IAAF World Championships in Athletics in Helsinki, Finland, finishing 13.08 seconds, 0.01 seconds after champion Ladji Doucouré from France. In November 2005, he won at East Asian Games in Macau, China with 13.21 seconds.

Off track, in May, he was awarded the Laureus World Sports Award for Newcomer of the Year for his breakthrough performance at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens.

Liu set a new world record in the 110 metre hurdles, at the Super Grand Prix in Lausanne on July 11, 2006, with a time of 12.88 seconds (+1.1 m/s tailwind). The record was ratified by the IAAF.[9] In that same race, American Dominique Arnold had also beaten the previous record with a time of 12.90 seconds.[10] In September, he won gold at IAAF World Athletics Final in Stuttgart, Germany with 12.93 seconds.

On August 31, 2007 at the World Athletics Championships in Osaka, Japan, Liu won gold in the 110 metre hurdles with 12.95 seconds to become the World Champion for the first time.

On May 23, Liu participated in a test event at the Beijing National Stadium.[11] He pulled out of the Reebok Grand Prix in New York on May 31, citing hamstring problems. On June 8, he false-started at the Prefontaine Classic at Eugene, Oregon. Liu skipped the entire European circuit, preferring to train for the Olympics in China instead.

Beijing Olympics[edit]

Leading up to the Summer Olympics in Beijing, China, Liu bore national expectations of a repeat victory on home soil.[12] On August 18, Liu withdrew from the Olympic 110 metre hurdles. He walked off the track after a false start by another runner in his first-round heat,[12] leaving the crowd at the Beijing National Stadium in stunned silence,[13] confusion,[14] and tears.[11][12] According to Jeré Longman of the New York Times, "China's greatest hope had been dashed".[15]

According to China's track and field association, Liu suffered from a recurrence of chronic inflammation in his right Achilles tendon.[11] Liu's coach, Sun Haiping addressed the media during a press conference and stated that the hurdler had been hampered by a tendon injury for six or seven years.[13] He commented on the situation, saying "We worked hard every day, but the result was as you see and it is really hard to take."[13] Sun, who was in tears for most of the press conference, stated that Liu would be unable to compete for the remainder of 2008. Liu made a public apology to the Chinese media the following day, saying he could "do nothing but pull out of the race" because of his foot injury. He believed that the injury would not prevent him from future competitions and vowed to "come back" for the next Olympics.[16]

Liu's injury was significant and also ruled him out of the following year's major competition, the 2009 World Championships in Athletics.[17] However, coach Sun Haiping was confident that he would return in time for the Chinese national championships and 2009 Asian Championships in Athletics in November.[18]

2009–2011: Return from injury[edit]

After a 13-month absence because of his injury, Liu finally returned to competition at the Shanghai Golden Grand Prix. Liu recorded a time of 13.15, tied with Terrence Trammell, but finished 0.01s behind and was awarded second place. However, Liu said he was happy with his performance.[19][20] Nearing the end of the year, he competed at a number of major events on home turf. He won gold medals at the 2009 Asian Athletics Championships, the East Asian Games and the 11th Chinese National Games.[21][22]

At the 2010 IAAF World Indoor Championships in Doha, admitting that his right foot has yet to fully recover,[23] Liu was able to finish in the finals of the 60 m hurdles, but managed only seventh place.[24] His sole appearance on the 2010 IAAF Diamond League circuit came at the Shanghai Grand Prix and he lost to national rival Shi Dongpeng for the first time.[25] Following a six-month break, he marked his return to form at the 2010 Asian Games. A crowd of 70,000 gathered at the Guangdong Olympic Stadium to see him in the final and he easily won his third consecutive title at the competition, breaking the Games record with a run of 13.09 seconds – making him the third fastest athlete that season.[26]

The Shanghai Golden Grand Prix in May 2011 saw Liu make a return to a world class level: he defeated David Oliver (the fastest hurdler in 2010) with a world-leading mark of 13.07 seconds to take his first win on the 2011 IAAF Diamond League. Liu showed he had accomplished a transition in his technique, as he reduced his number of starting steps before the first hurdle from eight to seven, using his left leg for hurdling.[27]

On August 29, 2011, Liu Xiang competed in the men's 110 m hurdles final in the IAAF World Championships in Daegu, South Korea. Liu finished the race in third place, but he eventually won the silver medal, as the winner Dayron Robles was disqualified for entering Liu's lane and pulling him back.[28]

2012 season[edit]

In Liu's first competition of 2012, he was matched up against Dayron Robles at the Birmingham Indoor Grand Prix and this time he won cleanly with an Asian record time of 7.41 seconds for the 60 m hurdles.[29] He was the favourite for the title at the 2012 IAAF World Indoor Championships, but was beaten into second place by Aries Merritt and left with the silver medal.[30] In the outdoor season he set a 110 m hurdles meet record at the Golden Grand Prix Kawasaki,[31] then ran 12.97 seconds to win at his home nation 2012 IAAF Diamond League meet, the Shanghai Golden Grand Prix. This was his first run under 13 seconds since 2007 and he beat Americans David Oliver and Jason Richardson by some distance.[32] He followed this with a run of 12.87 seconds to win at the Prefontaine Classic, matching the world record time albeit with wind-assistance of 2.4 m/s.[33]

In the 110 metre hurdles at the London Olympics in 2012 he pulled his Achilles tendon while taking off and attempting to clear the first hurdle, instead crashing straight into it. Liu hopped the full 110 metre stretch, was helped by a few of his fellow competitors and was put into a wheel chair and led away. He kissed the last hurdle before he left the track. Colin Jackson described it as a "very sad sight indeed" for the sport. Liu's loss echoed strongly in the Chinese press and public discourses. Some voices expressed support while others wondered why Liu chose to participate in spite of his injury. As per reports Liu Xiang is to have surgery on his Achilles tendon in Britain.[34]

Personal life[edit]

Liu is known for his low-profile appearance, but he has become one of the most popular athletes in China.[35] Liu Xiang was on Time magazine Asian edition's cover of the 2008 Summer Olympic Games titled "Liu Xiang & 99 More Athletes to Watch."[36]

Liu donated approximately 2,500,000 yuan (364,000 USD) to 2008 Sichuan Earthquake relief efforts.[37]

Although he is arguably one of the most popular sports stars in China, Liu admits that he has no time for a romantic relationship, citing that he wishes he had taken the chance to form one before the Athens Olympics, which catapulted him to fame: "There is no girlfriend. No time."[38]

Liu's athletic gear is sponsored by Nike.[39] He is also a spokesperson for Coca Cola and Cadillac.

International competition record[edit]

Year Competition Venue Position Event Notes
2000 World Junior Championships Santiago, Chile 4th 110 m hurdles
2001 World University Games Beijing, China 1st 110 m hurdles 13.33 seconds
World Championships Edmonton, Canada 4th (semis) 110 m hurdles
Chinese National Games Guangzhou, China 1st 110 m hurdles 13.36
East Asian Games Osaka, Japan 1st 110 m hurdles 13.42 seconds
2002 Athletissima Lausanne, Switzerland 2nd 110 m hurdles 13.12 seconds (WJR/AR)
Asian Championships Colombo, Sri Lanka 1st 110 m hurdles 13.56 seconds
IAAF World Cup Madrid, Spain DNF 110 m hurdles
Asian Games Busan, South Korea 1st 110 m hurdles 13.27 seconds
2003 World Indoor Championships Birmingham, United Kingdom 3rd 60 m hurdles 7.52 seconds
World Championships Paris, France 3rd 110 m hurdles 13.24 seconds
World Athletics Final Monaco 4th 110 m hurdles
2004 World Indoor Championships Budapest, Hungary 2nd 60 m hurdles 7.43 seconds
Olympic Games Athens, Greece 1st 110 m hurdles 12.91 seconds (=WR)
2005 World Championships Helsinki, Finland 2nd 110 m hurdles 13.08 seconds
Chinese National Games Nanjing, China 1st 110 m hurdles
Asian Championships Incheon, South Korea 1st 110 m hurdles
East Asian Games Macau, China 1st 110 m hurdles 13.21 seconds
2006 IAAF Super Grand Prix Lausanne, Switzerland 1st 110 m hurdles 12.88 seconds (WR)
World Athletics Final Stuttgart, Germany 1st 110 m hurdles 12.93 seconds
World Cup Athens, Greece 2nd 110 m hurdles
Asian Games Doha, Qatar 1st 110 m hurdles 13.15 seconds
2007 World Championships Osaka, Japan 1st 110 m hurdles 12.95 seconds
2008 World Indoor Championships Valencia, Spain 1st 60 m hurdles 7.46 seconds
Olympic Games Beijing, China DNF 110 m hurdles Could not compete due to injury
2009 Chinese National Games Jinan, China 1st 110 m hurdles
Asian Championships Guangzhou, China 1st 110 m hurdles 13.50 seconds
East Asian Games Hong Kong, China 1st 110 m hurdles 13.66 seconds
2010 World Indoor Championships Doha, Qatar 7th 60 m hurdles
Asian Games Guangzhou, China 1st 110 m hurdles 13.09 seconds
2011 Asian Championships Kobe, Japan 1st 110 m hurdles 13.22 CR
World Championships Daegu, South Korea 2nd 110 m hurdles 13.27 seconds
2012 World Indoor Championships Istanbul, Turkey 2nd 60 m hurdles 7.49 seconds
IAAF Diamond League Eugene, Oregon, United States 1st 110 m hurdles 12.87s
Olympic Games London, United Kingdom DNF 110 m hurdles Did not finish due to injury

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Liu sets new world hurdles record". BBC News. 2006-07-11. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
  2. ^ Zhang, Flora (August 18, 2008). "On China’s Web Sites, It’s O.K. to Cry for Liu Xiang". New York Times. 
  3. ^ Reynolds, James (May 24, 2008). "Hopes for hurdler amid earthquake grief". BBC News. 
  4. ^ "China's Liu Xiang stumbles into 1st hurdle of preliminary heat and leaves Olympics early again.". The Washington Post. Retrieved on 2012-08-08.
  5. ^ World Student Games (Universiade – Men). GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2010-11-28.
  6. ^ Chinese National Games. GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2010-11-28.
  7. ^ a b Focus on Athletes - Liu Xiang. IAAF (2006-09-15). Retrieved on 2012-06-04.
  8. ^ Top 10 influential characters in China's sports history. China.org (2010-11-30). Retrieved on 2012-06-04.
  9. ^ "IAAF International Association of Athletics Federations – IAAF.org – Statistics – Records". Iaaf.org. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
  10. ^ IAAF International Association of Athletics Federations – World Athletics Tour 2006 – News[dead link]
  11. ^ a b c Longman, Jeré (August 18, 2008). "China’s Big Hope in Track Doesn’t Get Out of Blocks". New York Times. 
  12. ^ a b c Coonan, Clifford (August 18, 2008). "Heartbreak for China as hero limps out before first hurdle". The Independent (London). 
  13. ^ a b c "China's Liu Xiang pubnbjmuglls out of 110m hurdles". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. August 18, 2008. [dead link]
  14. ^ Reynolds, James (August 18, 2008). "Liu Xiang out". BBC News. 
  15. ^ Longman, Jeré (August 18, 2008). "China's Big Hope in Track Doesn't Get Out of Blocks". The New York Times. 
  16. ^ Yardley, Jim (August 19, 2008). "Star Hurdler Apologizes to China for Withdrawal". New York Times. 
  17. ^ Lei, Lei (2009-08-06). It's official, star hurdler to miss World Championships. China Daily. Retrieved on 2009-08-06.
  18. ^ Liu clearing fitness hurdles. Press Association (2009-07-16). Retrieved on 2009-08-07.
  19. ^ Xiong Tong (September 21, 2009). "Chinese hurdler Liu Xiang back on track after 13 months' lay-off". Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved September 21, 2009. 
  20. ^ "Liu finishes second on return to track". Shanghai Daily. Retrieved September 21, 2009. 
  21. ^ "Asian Athletics Association". Asianathletics.org. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
  22. ^ Yung, Jean (December 14, 2009). "Chinese superstar Liu Xiang clears major hurdle – Los Angeles Times". Latimes.com. Retrieved September 17, 2010. 
  23. ^ "Liu Xiang to defend World Indoor title in Doha". iaaf.org. Retrieved September 17, 2010. 
  24. ^ ' + gmt_datetime( CmsgList[i].m_datetime ) + '. "Liu Xiang competes at 2010 World Indoor Athletics Championships in Doha – Sports News". SINA English. Retrieved September 17, 2010. 
  25. ^ Home team ready to shine in Guangzhou – Asian Games Preview. IAAF (2010-11-19). Retrieved on 2010-11-28.
  26. ^ 70,000 watch Liu Xiang fly to 13.09sec victory – Asian Games, Day 4. IAAF (2010-11-25). Retrieved on 2010-11-28.
  27. ^ Rowbottom, Mike (2011-05-15). Liu Xiang is back – Shanghai REPORT – Samsung Diamond League. IAAF. Retrieved on 2011-05-27.
  28. ^ Liu Xiang regains honor at Daegu worlds, CCTV News, August 30, 2011
  29. ^ Brown, Matthew (2012-02-18). Liu Xiang, Clarke, Ennis and Defar delight Birmingham. IAAF. Retrieved on 2012-02-19.
  30. ^ Arcoleo, Laura (2012-03-11). EVENT REPORT - Men's 60 Metres Hurdles - Final. IAAF. Retrieved on 2012-05-20.
  31. ^ "Liu Xiang equals men’s 110m hurdles world record". June 3, 2012. 
  32. ^ Johnson, Len (2012-05-19). Liu Xiang and G. Dibaba the standouts in rainy Shanghai – Samsung Diamond League. IAAF. Retrieved on 2012-05-20.
  33. ^ Gains, Paul (2012-06-02). Liu Xiang stuns with 12.87w victory in Eugene – Samsung Diamond League. IAAF. Retrieved on 2012-06-04.
  34. ^ "Injured Chinese hurdler Liu Xiang to have Achilles surgery in Britain". Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  35. ^ "Liu Xiang Most Popular Athlete in China". English.cri.cn. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
  36. ^ TIME Magazine – Asia Edition August 18, 2008
  37. ^ 刘翔零距离 NIKE新浪竞技风暴 新浪网
  38. ^ "Fame holds no attraction for Liu Xiang". Timesonline.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
  39. ^ "Article on the development of Nike's Aerofly and the Aerofly LX spikes (Liu's personalised shoe for the Beijing Olympics)". Shoeguide.co.uk. 2008-07-20. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 

External links[edit]

Records
Preceded by
United Kingdom Colin Jackson
Men's 110 m Hurdles World Record Holder
August 27, 2004 – June 12, 2008
Succeeded by
Cuba Dayron Robles
Sporting positions
Preceded by
United States Allen Johnson
Men's 110 m Hurdles Best Year Performance
2004
Succeeded by
France Ladji Doucouré
Preceded by
France Ladji Doucouré
Men's 110 m Hurdles Best Year Performance
2006–2007
Succeeded by
Cuba Dayron Robles