|Chinese name||劉曉慶 (traditional)|
|Chinese name||刘晓庆 (simplified)|
|Pinyin||Líu Xiǎoqìng (Mandarin)|
30 October 1955 |
Fuling District, Chongqing, China
|Occupation||Actress, producer, businesswoman|
|Years active||1970s - present|
|Spouse(s)||Chen Guojun
Ai Fung
Liu acted in mainland Chinese films before she turned 30 — The Great Wall of the South China Sea (1976), What a Family (1979) and The Little Flower (1980). Her breakthrough role was the ruthless Qing Dynasty Empress Dowager Cixi in The Burning of the Imperial Palace (1983) and Reign Behind the Curtain (1984). Her portrayal of Cixi won her numerous awards in Chinese film festivals and she later reprised the role in two unrelated films, including Li Lianying: The Imperial Eunuch (1991). She won Best Actress at the Hundred Flowers Award for her role as Hua Jinzhi in The Savage Land, filmed in 1981 but not released until 1987, and again for her role in Hibiscus Town (1986). She holds a record for having won the most number of awards in the actress categories of the Hundred Flowers Award, with three Best Actress and one Best Supporting Actress.
Liu left the entertainment industry in the 1990s to focus on business, but later returned to acting in the mid 2000s. One of her latest films was Chunhua (also titled Plastic Flower, released in 2004), in which she played the titular role, Chunhua. She performed in a stage play, The Last Night of Tapan Chin, in China and Taiwan from 2005 to 2008.
Liu published a short autobiography I Did It My Way in 1983. She became one of the richest people in China, appearing at 45 on Forbes' list of the 50 richest Chinese businessmen and businesswomen in 1999. She promoted her success by publishing a book titled From A Movie Star to A Billionaire. She was arrested for tax evasion in connection with her company, Beijing Xiaoqing Culture and Arts Company Ltd., in 2002, was fined 7.1 million yuan, and imprisoned for a year.
|1975||The Great Wall of the South China Sea
|1976||Thank You, Comrades
|1979||What a Family
|Zhang Lan||Hundred Flowers Award for Best Supporting Actress|
|1980||The Little Flower
|He Cuigu, Yongsheng's mother|
|1981||The Savage Land
|1981||The Invisible Web
|1981||Xu Mao and His Daughters
|1982||Deep at Heart
|1983||The Burning of the Imperial Palace||Empress Dowager Cixi|
|1983||Reign Behind the Curtain
|Empress Dowager Cixi|
|Hu Yuyin||Golden Rooster Award for Best Actress
Hundred Flowers Award for Best Actress
|1984||Ormosia from the North
|1984||San Bao in Shenzhen
|1985||The Ruthless Lover
|Namei Qincuo||also producer|
|1986||A Wild Field||Hua Jinzi||Hundred Flowers Award for Best Actress|
|Chuntao||Hundred Flowers Award for Best Actress|
|1987||The Imperial Cannon Team
|Feng Yushu||also producer|
|1988||A Dream of Red Mansions (parts 1 & 2)
|1989||A Dream of Red Mansions (parts 3-6)
|1989||The Empress Dowager
|Empress Dowager Cixi||also titled Xi Taihou (西太后)|
|1991||Li Lianying: The Imperial Eunuch
|Empress Dowager Cixi|
|2010||Rang Ai Huijia
|2012||The Monkey King: Uproar in Heaven|
|1993||Xin Bao Qingtian Zhi Yinglie Qianqiu
|1996||Huoshao Efang Gong
|Princess, Innkeeper, Mrs Yu||also producer|
|1998||Tao Zhi Lian
|2000||Huang Sao Tian Guihua
|(various roles)||also producer|
|2002||Where the Legend Begins
|2003||281 Feng Xin
|Fang Meihui||also producer|
|2003||Yongle Yingxiong Ernü
|Empress Dowager Meng||also titled Da Song Bei Ge (大宋碑歌)|
|Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang||also titled Shei Zhu Chenfu (谁主沉浮)|
|2004||Wo De Xiongdi Jiemei
|Queen Mother of the West|
|2004||Jingcheng Si Shao
|2005||Hui Niang Wan Xin
|2006||The Shadow of Empress Wu
|2006||Chao Lin Jie
|2008||Nüren Heku Weinan Nüren
|Queen Mother of the West|
|2009||Ning Xiang Jie
|2010||Hong Meigui Hei Meigui
|2011||Heroes of Sui and Tang Dynasties 1 & 2
|2011||Secret History of Empress Wu
|Wu Zetian (middle age)|
- "China's 50 Richest Businessmen". Forbes. 1999. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
- Berry, Michael (2004). "Liu Xiaoqing". In Edward L. Davis. Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. Routledge. ISBN 0-203-64506-5.
- "Showgirl looks back". Shanghai Star. 6 January 2005. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
- "Actress Liu Xiaoqing". Women of China. 21 April 2006. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
- Ni, Ching-Ching (30 September 2002). "Now This Is Bad Publicity; Actress Liu Xiaoqing's many incarnations have made her rich and kept China buzzing. But today she is cast in a new, unsavory role: tax cheat.". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
- Khoushu, Harry H. (SIU Press). "Hibiscus Town". Celluloid China: cinematic encounters with culture and society. 2002. ISBN 0-8093-2456-3.
- "Chinese film star fined for fraud". BBC News. 20 December 2002. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
- "Liu Xiaoqing expects The Last Night of Taipan Chin in Taiwan". China.org.cn. 11 October 2007. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
- "Liu Xiaoqing performs in Taiwan". China.org.cn. 6 January 2008. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
- Bartholemew, Ian (4 January 2008). "Golden oldies take on a new luster". Taipei Times. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
- Barmé, Geremie (1996). "A Star Reflects on the Sun". Shades of Mao: the posthumous cult of the great leader. M.E. Sharpe. ISBN 1-56324-678-3.
- "Movie star fined RMB7.1 mln for tax evasion". Xinhuanet. 7 April 2004. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
- "Chinese actress Liu Xiaoqing performs in drama 'Fenghua Juedai'." (Archive) China Daily. July 10, 2012. Retrieved on November 7, 2013.
- Liu Xiaoqing at the Internet Movie Database
- Xiaoqing, Liu. "A Star Reflects on the Sun". Shades of Mao. Retrieved 16 December 2009. - essay about Mao Zedong