Liu Xiaoqing

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This is a Chinese name; the family name is Liu.
Liu Xiaoqing
Chinese name 劉曉慶 (traditional)
Chinese name 刘晓庆 (simplified)
Pinyin Líu Xiǎoqìng (Mandarin)
Born (1955-10-30) 30 October 1955 (age 58)
Fuling District, Chongqing, China
Occupation Actress, producer, businesswoman
Years active 1970s - present
Spouse(s) Chen Guojun[citation needed]
Ai Fung[citation needed]

Liu Xiaoqing (born 30 October 1955[1]) is a Chinese actress and businesswoman.[2] She was one of the leading actresses in China in the 1980s.[3][4]

Biography[edit]

In her early days Liu worked as a farm labourer, then as a propagandist for the People's Liberation Army and later a stage actor for the Chengdu Military Drama Group.[3][5]

Liu acted in mainland Chinese films before she turned 30 — The Great Wall of the South China Sea (1976),[3] What a Family (1979) and The Little Flower (1980).[6] Her breakthrough role was the ruthless Qing Dynasty Empress Dowager Cixi in The Burning of the Imperial Palace (1983) and Reign Behind the Curtain (1984). Her portrayal of Cixi won her numerous awards in Chinese film festivals[citation needed] and she later reprised the role in two unrelated films, including Li Lianying: The Imperial Eunuch (1991). She won Best Actress at the Hundred Flowers Award for her role as Hua Jinzhi in The Savage Land, filmed in 1981 but not released until 1987,[3] and again for her role in Hibiscus Town (1986).[7] She holds a record for having won the most number of awards in the actress categories of the Hundred Flowers Award, with three Best Actress and one Best Supporting Actress.[8]

Liu left the entertainment industry in the 1990s to focus on business,[8] but later returned to acting in the mid 2000s. One of her latest films was Chunhua (also titled Plastic Flower, released in 2004), in which she played the titular role, Chunhua. She performed in a stage play, The Last Night of Tapan Chin, in China and Taiwan from 2005 to 2008.[4][9][10][11]

Liu published a short autobiography I Did It My Way in 1983.[12] She became one of the richest people in China, appearing at 45 on Forbes' list of the 50 richest Chinese businessmen and businesswomen in 1999.[2] She promoted her success by publishing a book titled From A Movie Star to A Billionaire. She was arrested for tax evasion in connection with her company, Beijing Xiaoqing Culture and Arts Company Ltd., in 2002,[6] was fined 7.1 million yuan, and imprisoned for a year.[8][13]

In 2012 Liu Xiaoqing played Sai Jinhua in a performance of the play The Beauty (S: 风华绝代, T: 風華絕代, P: Fēnghuá Juédài).[14]

Filmography[edit]

Film[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1975 The Great Wall of the South China Sea
南海长城
Tiannü
1976 Thank You, Comrades
同志,感谢你
Yang Jie
1977 Spring Songs
春歌
Li Cuizhi
1979 What a Family
瞧这一家子
Zhang Lan Hundred Flowers Award for Best Supporting Actress
1979 Wedding
婚礼
Sheng Min
1980 Mysterious Buddha
神秘的大佛
Meng Jie
1980 The Little Flower
小花
He Cuigu, Yongsheng's mother
1981 The Savage Land
原野
Hua Jinzi
1981 The Invisible Web
潜网
Luo Xuan
1981 Xu Mao and His Daughters
许茂和他的女儿们
Xu Zhen
1982 Deep at Heart
心灵深处
Ouyang Lan
1983 The Burning of the Imperial Palace Empress Dowager Cixi
1983 Reign Behind the Curtain
垂帘听政
Empress Dowager Cixi
1984 Hibiscus Town
芙蓉镇
Hu Yuyin Golden Rooster Award for Best Actress
Hundred Flowers Award for Best Actress
1984 Ormosia from the North
北国红豆
Lu Yunzhi
1984 San Bao in Shenzhen
三宝闹深圳
Manager
1985 The Ruthless Lover
无情的情人
Namei Qincuo also producer
1986 A Wild Field Hua Jinzi Hundred Flowers Award for Best Actress
1987 Chuntao
春桃
Chuntao Hundred Flowers Award for Best Actress
1987 The Imperial Cannon Team
大清炮队
Feng Yushu also producer
1988 A Dream of Red Mansions (parts 1 & 2)
红楼梦
Wang Xifeng
1989 A Dream of Red Mansions (parts 3-6)
红楼梦
Wang Xifeng
1989 The Empress Dowager
一代妖后
Empress Dowager Cixi also titled Xi Taihou (西太后)
1991 Li Lianying: The Imperial Eunuch
大太监李莲英
Empress Dowager Cixi
2004 Plastic Flower
春花开
Xie Chunhua
2010 Rang Ai Huijia
让爱回家
Female cop
2011 Legendary Amazons
杨门女将之军令如山
Princess Chai
2012 37
2012 The Monkey King: Uproar in Heaven

Television[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1992 Fenghua Juedai
风华绝代
Chunni
1993 Xin Bao Qingtian Zhi Yinglie Qianqiu
新包青天之英烈千秋
1995 Wu Zetian
武则天
Wu Zetian
1996 Huoshao Efang Gong
火烧阿房宫
Princess, Innkeeper, Mrs Yu also producer
1998 Tao Zhi Lian
逃之恋
Xiaofengxian also producer
2000 Huang Sao Tian Guihua
皇嫂田桂花
producer
2001 Huo Fenghuang
火凤凰
(various roles) also producer
2002 Where the Legend Begins
洛神
producer
2003 281 Feng Xin
281封信
Fang Meihui also producer
2003 Yongle Yingxiong Ernü
永乐英雄儿女
Jinniang
2003 Jiangshan Meiren
江山美人
Empress Dowager Meng also titled Da Song Bei Ge (大宋碑歌)
2003 Changhe Dongliu
长河东流
Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang also titled Shei Zhu Chenfu (谁主沉浮)
2004 Huanle Sangtian
欢乐桑田
Magu
2004 Wo De Xiongdi Jiemei
我的兄弟姐妹
Ailian
2004 Lotus Lantern
宝莲灯
Queen Mother of the West
2004 Jingcheng Si Shao
京城四少
Ninth Aunt
2005 Hui Niang Wan Xin
徽娘宛心
Mrs Wu
2005 Ayou Zhengzhuan
阿有正传
Zhen Gege
2006 The Shadow of Empress Wu
日月凌空
Wu Zetian
2006 Chao Lin Jie
超临界
Lu Yan
2007 Jiazu Rongyu
家族荣誉
Duan Huijun
2007 Wang Zhaojun
王昭君
Lady Guan
2008 Nüren Heku Weinan Nüren
女人何苦为难女人
Zhang Yuying
2008 Lotus Lantern
宝莲灯前传
Queen Mother of the West
2008 Yunxiu
云袖
Liang Yunxiu
2008 Chengjiang Qingyuan
澄江情缘
Liu Guiying
2009 Ning Xiang Jie
凝香劫
Tang Mu
2009 Xu Beihong
徐悲鸿
Jiang Biwei
2010 Hong Meigui Hei Meigui
红玫瑰黑玫瑰
Song Dachuan
2011 Heroes of Sui and Tang Dynasties 1 & 2
隋唐英雄
Empress Xiao
2011 Secret History of Empress Wu
武则天秘史
Wu Zetian (middle age)
2011 Yangnü
养女
Liu Jianying

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b "China's 50 Richest Businessmen". Forbes. 1999. Retrieved 16 December 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c d Berry, Michael (2004). "Liu Xiaoqing". In Edward L. Davis. Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. Routledge. ISBN 0-203-64506-5. 
  4. ^ a b "Showgirl looks back". Shanghai Star. 6 January 2005. Retrieved 16 December 2009. 
  5. ^ "Actress Liu Xiaoqing". Women of China. 21 April 2006. Retrieved 16 December 2009. 
  6. ^ a b Ni, Ching-Ching (30 September 2002). "Now This Is Bad Publicity; Actress Liu Xiaoqing's many incarnations have made her rich and kept China buzzing. But today she is cast in a new, unsavory role: tax cheat.". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 16 December 2009. 
  7. ^ Khoushu, Harry H. (SIU Press). "Hibiscus Town". Celluloid China: cinematic encounters with culture and society. 2002. ISBN 0-8093-2456-3. 
  8. ^ a b c "Chinese film star fined for fraud". BBC News. 20 December 2002. Retrieved 16 December 2009. 
  9. ^ "Liu Xiaoqing expects The Last Night of Taipan Chin in Taiwan". China.org.cn. 11 October 2007. Retrieved 16 December 2009. 
  10. ^ "Liu Xiaoqing performs in Taiwan". China.org.cn. 6 January 2008. Retrieved 16 December 2009. 
  11. ^ Bartholemew, Ian (4 January 2008). "Golden oldies take on a new luster". Taipei Times. Retrieved 16 December 2009. 
  12. ^ Barmé, Geremie (1996). "A Star Reflects on the Sun". Shades of Mao: the posthumous cult of the great leader. M.E. Sharpe. ISBN 1-56324-678-3. 
  13. ^ "Movie star fined RMB7.1 mln for tax evasion". Xinhuanet. 7 April 2004. Retrieved 16 December 2009. 
  14. ^ "Chinese actress Liu Xiaoqing performs in drama 'Fenghua Juedai'." (Archive) China Daily. July 10, 2012. Retrieved on November 7, 2013.

External links[edit]