Llibre del Repartiment (Valencia)

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This article is about the land distribution document for Valencia. For the land distribution document for Majorca, see Llibre del Repartiment (Majorca).

The Llibre del Repartiment de Valencia is a record book in which the King's scribes recorded promises of donations of properties at the conclusion of the Valencian conquest.[1] The scribes later indicated the names of the persons who actually took possession.[2] This is not the only distribution of lands during the time of the Reconquista; there are a few others, published and unpublished, the major ones are for Majorca, Seville, Murcia, Orihuela, Lorca, and other minor ones for Alora, Benalmádena, Comares, Cártama, Casabonarela, Coin, Mijas, Alhaurin, Almogía, Alozaina, Bezmilian among others.[2]

History[edit]

The capitulation of Valencia occurred on September 28, 1238. According to documents, the Christians, including King James I himself, entered the city on that day. Tradition, however, dates it on October 9, the day of San Dionís.

That same day the King distributed houses in the city and in Benimaclet, as was agreed in the siege, and the document was issued in the city.[3]

The "llibre" meticulously recorded the houses or land grants made by King James I to the Aragonese, Catalan, Navarre, English, Hungarian, Italian and French, i.e. all those who participated in the crusade that resulted in the conquest of Valencia.

Recorded in this book are the affiliation of the recipient of the house or farm, where they came from and the goods assigned.

Of course, the properties had been expropriated from the Muslims that lived there before. Some fled south with all their goods, to territories still controlled by Muslims, while others remained in the new Christian kingdom. There was a broad Mozarabic, Christian base living in the previously Muslim area, retaining their religion, language and customs, and Jews, dwelling on the properties, constituted the majority of the population, in addition to the new Christian inhabitants.

It is estimated that there were some 200,000 people living in the Kingdom of Valencia while the settlers were only a few thousand. The rate of increase of the population of the Kingdom of Valencia did not reach 5% despite the Aragonese and Catalan immigration.[4]

The record book is kept in the Archive of the Crown of Aragon (ACA).[2]

Special donations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ José Vicente Gómez Bayarri. "Libre del Repartiment del Regne de València" (in Spanish). Associacio cultural de Castello. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Leopoldo Peñarroja Torrejón. "Los escribas del Repartiment de Valencia y la diptongación mozárabe de /e/ /o/". Academia de Cultura Valenciana. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Antonio Ubieto Arteta. "Orígenes del Reino de Valencia" (in Spanish). p. 112. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  4. ^ A. Ubieto Arteta and A. Cabanes. "Llibre del Repartiment del Regne de València" (in Catalan). Retrieved 15 December 2012.