Llywelyn ap Seisyll
Little is known about Llywelyn's father Seisyll, who may not have been of royal blood. According to some genealogies, Seisyll and his son were associated with Rhuddlan, perhaps as lords of its commote in Rhos. Llywelyn's wife Angharad was the daughter of Maredudd, a grandson of Hywel Dda's southern dynasty who ruled much of Wales from AD 989 to 999.
Llywelyn won control of Gwynedd in 1018 when he defeated the usurper Aeddan in battle, killing him and his four sons. He gained control of Dyfed in 1022 after defeating Rhain – the Irish pretender who ruled there under the pretense of being Maredudd's son – in the Battle of Abergwili.
According to the Brut y Tywysogion, Llywelyn's reign was one of prosperity: "There was no one needy in his realm, and there was no town empty or deserted". He died prematurely in 1023. His son Gruffydd, though still a youth when his father died, was later able to gain control of almost the whole of Wales.
- John Edward Lloyd (1911). A history of Wales: from the earliest times to the Edwardian conquest. Longmans, Green & Co.
- editors: John Edward Lloyd, R.T. Jenkins (1959). The Dictionary of Welsh Biography Down to 1940. Oxford.
Aeddan ap Blegywryd
|King of Gwynedd
Iago ab Idwal ap Meurig
Cadell ab Einion
|King of Deheubarth
Rhydderch ap Iestyn
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