|Long-tailed pangolin range|
Manis tetradactyla has a characteristic very long tail (hence its common name), reaching a length of about 60–70 cm (24–28 in). The body can reach a length of 30–40 cm (12–16 in) and weigh 2 to 3 lb.
Even with the long tail, this species is the smallest pangolin. As with other pangolins, the long-tailed pangolin is covered with overlapping scales, in this case a dark brown color with a brighter rim, which serves as camouflage. The feet have large claws. The tip of the tail is bare and is used to grip branches. The head is built very simply and without teeth, while the tongue is very long. The abdomen is covered in dark fur instead of scales. This pangolin is a nocturnal insectivore. With the claws of the front feet, it can break the bark of the trees, with the long sticky tongue it take prey. Its diet consists mainly of tree-dwelling ants, as well as termites.
Distribution and habitat
This species is native to the sub-Saharan forests of Africa, mainly rain forests. It is widespread from Senegal to Uganda and south to Angola in the southwest.
- Ronald M. Nowak: Walker's Mammals of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999 ISBN 0-8018-5789-9
- Don E. Wilson, DeeAnn M. Reeder (Hrsg.): Mammal Species of the World. 3. Ausgabe. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore 2005, ISBN 0-8018-8221-4.
- Schlitter, D. A. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M, eds. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 531. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
- Pangolin Specialist Group (1996). Manis tetradactyla. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 2007-05-29.
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