Lost World Caverns

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Lost World Caverns
LostWorldFormations.jpg
Stalagmite and stalactite formations.
Lost World Caverns is located in West Virginia
Lost World Caverns
Map of West Virginia
Location Lewisburg, West Virginia
Coordinates 37°49′57″N 80°26′49″W / 37.8326°N 80.4469°W / 37.8326; -80.4469Coordinates: 37°49′57″N 80°26′49″W / 37.8326°N 80.4469°W / 37.8326; -80.4469
Designated 1973
Official website
The "War Club" stalagmite formation at Lost World Caverns near Lewisburg, West Virginia

Lost World Caverns, located just outside of Lewisburg, West Virginia, is an underground natural series of caverns. In November 1973, the caverns were registered as a National Natural Landmark[1] as they "feature terraced pedestal-like stalagmites, flowstone, curtains, rimstone, domepits, and waterfalls."[2]

History[edit]

Originally named "Grapevine Cave",[1] the only entrance was a long vertical drop into which farmers used to dump dead livestock and other trash. Virginia Polytechnical Institute "discovered" the cave in 1942. It was surveyed in the 1960s and found to contain over a mile of interconnected passages that reach a depth of 245 feet below the surface.[1] In 1967, the remains of a prehistoric cave bear (Arctodus pristinus) were unearthed in the cave.[1]

In the early 1970s, a walking entrance was dug out, the trash was removed, walkways were installed and the cave was opened for tourism. In 1981, the gift shop and walking entrance were renovated. Since then subsequent owners have done extensive work on the lighting (making sure it doesn't allow the out-of-control growth of algae that old incandescent lamps cause) and many other cleaning and conservation projects as well as adding a dinosaur museum section to the gift shop.

In 1992, the Weekly World News reported that Lost World Caverns was the home of "Bat Boy",[3] and claimed that he was captured by the FBI in the caverns, where he reportedly survived by eating his weight in live insects every day.[4]

Description[edit]

The "walking" tour section of the cave consists of a large chamber (1000 feet long, 300 feet wide, and 120 feet high[1]) with many formations like the Bridal Veil, Goliath, Snowy Chandelier, Ice Cream Wall, Castle and, perhaps the most storied, the War Club, where Bob Addis made it into the Guinness Book of World Records by sitting atop the 28-foot formation for nearly 16 days.[5] In addition to the "walking" tour, one can opt for a rougher guided "wild" tour through the remote sections of the cave, visiting sights like the Angel's Roost, Birth Canal, Keyhole, Glitter Pits, the Hall of the Mountain King and other passages and formations.

Lost World Caverns is a public-accessible cave for those who want to experience and understand the karst topography within the Greenbrier River watershed. Environmental interests such as local schools and the Greenbrier River Watershed Association encourage the public to take educational tours in order to understand the unique relationship between surface water and groundwater. Surrounded by farmland on all sides, the cave interacts with a constant influx of air, water, clastic and other additives and pollutants. As part of Greenbrier County's karst plateau or "Great Savannah" where the average number of sinkholes are 18 per square kilometer, the cave system has much to offer the curious and the ongoing scientist.[6]

There are wooden walkways and the option of wild caving in the deeper "wild" portions of the system. The cave drains into the Greenbrier River at Fort Spring through the Davis Spring, and there is much to be discovered about the underlying aquifers and science behind this drainage. The public tour section contains a stratum of hex (six-sided) stones. Cavers on the Wild Tour are asked to respect the encroaching threat of white nose syndrome in the Appalachian bat population, and perform sterilization protocols with their gear and clothing before they come in.

The site is open daily, except for holidays such as Thanksgiving, Christmas Day, and New Year's Day.[7] Currently, the standard self-guided tour rates are as follows: adults: $12, children 6–12: $6, under 6 free.[7] If planning to visit, one should wear shoes with sufficient tread and dress for a temperature of 52 degrees F.[1]

Picture gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Lost World Caverns brochure[1]
  2. ^ Pathways to the Future: The West Virginia Statewide Trail Plan 2002-2010, Prepared by the West Virginia Trail Plan Committee, July 2002 [2]
  3. ^ roadsideamerica.com
  4. ^ wonderfulwv.com
  5. ^ The tour pamphlet says the following about the "War Club" stalagmite: "This stalagmite is approximately 500,000 years old and stands 28 feet tall with a base diameter of 2.5 feet and a top diameter of 4 feet. In 1971, Bob Addis, of Parkersburg, West Virginia, secured a platform with ropes to the top of the War Club and began a 15 day, 23 hour and 22 minute stay on top, setting a Guinness World Record for 'Stalagmite Sitting'!"
  6. ^ http://www.stormh2o.com/november-december-2001/greenbrier-valley-research.aspx
  7. ^ a b http://www.lostworldcaverns.com/contact.html

External links[edit]