Louise Fitzhugh, date unknown
October 5, 1928|
|Died||November 19, 1974
New Milford, Connecticut,
|Genres||Children's, Young adult|
|Notable work(s)||Harriet the Spy|
Louise Fitzhugh (October 5, 1928 – November 19, 1974) was an American author and illustrator of young adult and children's literature. Her work includes Harriet the Spy, its sequels The Long Secret and Sport, and Nobody's Family is Going to Change.
Born in Memphis, Tennessee in 1928 to wealthy parents. Her parents divorced when she was an infant and her father, Millsaps Fitzhugh, gained custody, and so she lived with him in the South. She attended Miss Hutchison's School and three different universities, without obtaining a degree. She attended Bard College where she became involved in politics and anti-racism. She transferred to Barnard College and graduated in 1951. She lived most of her adult life in New York City and had houses in both Long Island and Bridgewater, Connecticut.
Fitzhugh was the illustrator of the 1961 children's book Suzuki Beane, a parody of Eloise; while Eloise lived in the Plaza, Suzuki was the daughter of beatnik parents and slept on a mattress on the floor of a Bleecker Street pad in Greenwich Village. Fitzhugh worked closely with author Sandra Scoppettone to produce Suzuki Beane, which incorporated typewriter font and line drawings in an original way. Although a parody of both Eloise and beatnik conceit, the book sprang to life as a genuine work of literature. Today, it is a much sought-after book on used-book websites.
Fitzhugh's best-known book was Harriet the Spy, published in 1964 to some controversy since so many characters were far from admirable. It has since become a classic. As her New York Times' obituary, published November 19, 1974, states: "The book helped introduce a new realism to children's fiction and has been widely imitated". Harriet is the daughter of affluent New Yorkers who leave her in the care of her nanny, Ole Golly, in their Manhattan townhouse. Hardly the feminine girl heroine typical of the early 1960s, Harriet is a writer who notes everything about everybody in her world in a notebook which ultimately falls into the wrong hands. Ole Golly gives Harriet the unlikely but practical advice that: "Sometimes you have to lie. But to yourself you must always tell the truth". By and large, Harriet the Spy was well-received—it was awarded a New York Times Outstanding Book Award in 1964—and has sold 4 million copies since publication. Two characters from the book, Beth Ellen and Sport, were featured in two of Fitzhugh's later books, The Long Secret and Sport. The Long Secret deals fairly honestly with female puberty; the main characters are pre-teen girls who discuss how their changing bodies feel.
Another young adult manuscript, Amelia, concerned two girls falling in love. This manuscript was not published and was later lost.
Fitzhugh illustrated many of her books and had works exhibited in Banfer Gallery, New York, in 1963, among many other galleries.
Published during her lifetime:
- Suzuki Beane (illustrator), 1961
- Harriet the Spy, 1964
- The Long Secret, 1965
- Bang Bang You're Dead (illustrator), 1969
- Nobody's Family Is Going to Change, 1974
- Sport, 1979
- I Am Five, 1978
- I Am Four, 1982
- I Am Three, 1982
Through the course of her writing career she won many awards, three of them posthumous:
- New York Times Outstanding Books of the Year citation, 1964
- Sequoyah Book Award, 1967 (Harriet the Spy)
- Children's Book Bulletin, 1976 (Nobody's Family is Going to Change)
- Children's Workshop Other Award, 1976 (Nobody's Family is Going to Change)
- Emmy Award for children's entertainment special (The Tap Dance Kid, based on Nobody's Family is Going to Change).
- Purple Socks: A Louise Fitzhugh Tribute Site
- "Louise Fitzhugh Is Dead at 46; 'Harriet the Spy' Author-Artist", New York Times, 1974-11-21: 50
- Stahl, J. D. (1990). "Satire and the Evolution of Perspective in Children's Literature: Mark Twain, E. B. White, and Louise Fitzhugh". Children's Literature Association Quarterly 15 (3): 119–122. doi:10.1353/chq.0.0723.
- Stahl, J. D. (1999). "Louise Fitzhugh, Marisol, and the Realm of Art". Children's Literature Association Quarterly 24 (4): 159–165. doi:10.1353/chq.0.1156.
- Wolf, Virginia (1991). Louise Fitzhugh. New York: Twayne Publishers. ISBN 0805776141.
- Archive of "Purple Socks: A Louise Fitzhugh Fan Site."
- Grant, Neva. "Unapologetically Harriet, the Misfit Spy." NPR, March 3, 2008.
- Bard College. "Women Arrive." (Photograph 5 shows Fitzhugh as a model for a painting c.1949.)