Lower Otay Reservoir
|Lower Otay Reservoir|
|Location||San Diego County, California|
|Primary inflows||Otay River
San Diego Aqueduct
|Primary outflows||Otay River|
|Catchment area||Otay and Proctor Valleys|
|Basin countries||United States|
|Surface area||1,100 acres (450 ha) |
|Average depth||124 ft (38 m) (August 2009) |
|Max. depth||137.5 ft (41.9 m) |
|Water volume||49,500 acre·ft (61,100,000 m3)|
|Shore length1||25 mi (40 km) |
|Surface elevation||381 ft (116 m)|
|References||U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Lower Otay Reservoir|
|1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.|
Lower Otay Reservoir is an artificial lake in San Diego County, California, flanked by Otay County Open Space Preserve and Chula Vista. The reservoir is formed by impounding the waters of the Otay River, behind Savage Dam, completed in 1918, and is the terminus for both the Second San Diego Aqueduct, which transports imported water from the Colorado River. The dam and reservoir are owned by the City of San Diego.
Lower Otay Reservoir was originally created in 1897 after the construction of the Lower Otay Dam by the Southern California Mountain Water Company. The original dam was a rock fill type of 125 feet (38 m) high. That dam gave way in January 1916 following heavy rains which affected most of Southern California flooding the Otay Valley with a wall of water ranging from 20 to 100 feet (6.1 to 30.5 m) in height during the event, killing more than 14 people. The flood swept away entire farms and buildings, including the Montgomery residence at Fruitland near the mouth of the river, where John J. Montgomery had built his initial series of manned glider designs. The rains were ostensibly the work of the "rainmaker" Charles Hatfield, who had been hired by the City of San Diego to assist in increasing rainfall to fill nearby Morena Reservoir. He was never charged with any crimes. Following this the present Arch-gravity dam was built.
An SB2C Helldiver plane was spotted in the lake in February 2009 by a bass fisherman. Divers examined the plane on July 23, 2009, to see if it can be salvaged for museum display. The plane was raised on August 20, 2010. On May 28, 1945, the Helldiver was on a practice bombing run from a nearby aircraft carrier when a stalled engine forced an emergency landing in the reservoir.
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- Fogal, Gary B.; Harwood, Craig S. (11 October 2012). Quest for Flight: John J. Montgomery and the Dawn of Aviation in the West. Univestiy of Oklahoma Press. p. 172. ISBN 9780806187815. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- Carlson, Chris. "WWII warplane raised from California reservoir". Associated Press. Retrieved 21 August 2010.[dead link]
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- Lower Otay Reservoir - City of San Diego web site