Pinus luchuensis

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Pinus luchuensis
P. luchuensis(Okinawa pine).jpg
A lone P. luchuensis, growing on Chichi-jima Island
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Pinus
Species: P. luchuensis
Binomial name
Pinus luchuensis
Mayr [2]
  • Pinus luchuensis subsp. hwangshanensis (W.Y.Hsia) D.Z.Li
  • P. l. var. hwangshanensis (W.Y.Hsia) C.L.Wu
  • P. l. var. shenkanensis Silba
  • P. l. subsp. taiwanensis (Hayata) D.Z.Li

Pinus luchuensis, commonly called Luchu pine[2] or Okinawa pine,[2] is a species of conifer in the Pinaceae family endemic to, and locally abundant in the Ryukyu Islands of Japan.[1][2] It was once threatened by habitat loss in the wild, where it can be found growing in small stands near windy ocean shores.[1] Having been harvested widely since the Second World War, the remaining stands are no longer commercially viable,[1] except when cultivated for ornamental use.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d Assessors: Conifer Specialist Group (2000). "Pinus luchuensis in IUCN 2011". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Retrieved December 7, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e  Pinus luchuensis was originally described and published in Botanisches Centralblatt 58: 149. 1894. GRIN (September 30, 2008). "Pinus luchuensis information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved December 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Pinus luchuensis Mayr". The Plant List; Version 1. (published on the internet). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden. 2010. Retrieved December 7, 2011.