|Male cones on a pine branch|
Araucariaceae, araucaria family (41)
The distinguishing characteristic is the reproductive structure known as a cone produced by all Pinales. All of the extant conifers, such as cedar, celery-pine, cypress, fir, juniper, larch, pine, redwood, spruce, and yew are included here. Some fossil conifers, however, belong to other distinct orders within the division Pinophyta.
The yews have previously been separated into a distinct order of their own (Taxales), but genetic evidence indicates yews are monophyletic with other conifers and they are now included in the Pinales.
- Christenhusz, Maarten J.M.; Reveal, James L.; Farjon, Aljos; Gardner, Martin F.; Mill, Robert R.; Chase, Mark W. (2011). "A new classification and linear sequence of extant gymnosperms". Phytotaxa 19: 55–70.
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