Johann Christian Ludwig (Louis) Abeille (20 February 1761, Bayreuth – 2 March 1838 Stuttgart) was a German pianist and composer.
His father was baronial valet in Bayreuth. He was educated at the Karlsschule in Stuttgart where his teachers were Antonio Boroni, Ferdinando Mazzanti, and Johann Gottlieb Sämann. In 1782 he became member of the musicians of the Court; in 1802 he became concertmaster and later organist of the Court. He retired in 1832.
He wrote several folk songs, concerts, and two operas, Amor und Psyche and Peter und Ännchen, in the same style as Mozart. Abeille also wrote two sonatas for keyboard with accompanying violin (1783) as well as several instrumental works.