Lydia Aran (October 1921 – March 5, 2013 in Jerusalem), a professor emerita at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, is a scholar of Buddhism. She taught in the Hebrew University's Department of Indian Studies until her retirement in 1998.
Aran's dramatic life story began in Vilna, Lithuania, where she survived the Holocaust by being hidden, with her twin sister, in the small village of Ignalino by her high school history teacher, Krystyna Adolph, an ethnically Polish Catholic.
- The Art of Nepal
- Buddhism: An Introduction to Buddhist Philosophy and Religion (Hebrew) 1993
- Destroying a Civilization: Tibet 1950-2000 (Hebrew) 2007
- ארכיון רשומות מהחודש "אוקטובר, 2011 (in Hebrew). lydiaran.com. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- The Righteous: The Unsung Heroes of the Holocaust, Martin Gilbert, Macmillan, 2004, pp. 2004 ff.
- Krystyna’s Gift—A Memoir, Lydia Aran, Commentary, February 2004