Madbury, New Hampshire

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Madbury, New Hampshire
Town
Town Hall
Town Hall
Official seal of Madbury, New Hampshire
Seal
Location within Strafford County, New Hampshire
Location within Strafford County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 43°10′09″N 70°55′28″W / 43.16917°N 70.92444°W / 43.16917; -70.92444Coordinates: 43°10′09″N 70°55′28″W / 43.16917°N 70.92444°W / 43.16917; -70.92444
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Strafford
Settled 1699
Incorporated 1775
Government
 • Board of selectmen Bruce Hodsdon
Jay Moriarty
Bob Sterndale
Area
 • Total 12.2 sq mi (31.7 km2)
 • Land 11.7 sq mi (30.3 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)
Elevation 120 ft (37 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,771
 • Density 150/sq mi (56/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 03823
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-44820
GNIS feature ID 0873656
Website www.townofmadbury.com

Madbury is a town in Strafford County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,771 at the 2010 census.[1]

History[edit]

Madbury was originally a part of Dover called Barbadoes, after the West Indies island of Barbados with which settlers conducted trade, sending wood and lumber in exchange for sugar, molasses and other commodities. The name survives at Barbadoes Pond. Garrison houses were built as protection against the Indians. Later it was part of Durham, a Dover parish which organized in 1716 and then incorporated in 1735. Madbury was once the farm of Sir Francis Champernowne of Greenland, and named after his ancient family's mansion at Modbury in Devon, England.[2]

The name Madbury Parish was first recorded in a 1755 grant made by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth, with full town privileges granted in 1768 by his successor, Governor John Wentworth. A lumbering and farming community, Madbury was incorporated in 1775.[2] Jackson in Carroll County was first settled in 1778 as New Madbury by residents of the town. Today, Madbury is residential, its inhabitants generally employed elsewhere. Numerous faculty of the nearby University of New Hampshire reside here.

Geography[edit]

The town of Madbury is shaped like a wedge, extending from the eastern tip of the town touching Cedar Point on Little Bay to the town's border with Barrington to the west. The towns of Durham and Lee border Madbury to the south, and the city of Dover is to the northeast. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 12.2 square miles (32 km2), of which 11.7 sq mi (30 km2) is land and 0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2) is water, comprising 4.58% of the town. The highest point of land is the summit of Hicks Hill, at 331 feet (101 m) above sea level, located close to the center of town.

Although a branch of the Oyster River rises in western Madbury, the Bellamy River is the only river of size in town. Bellamy Reservoir, fed by the Bellamy River together with Mallego Brook, covers 382 acres (1.5 km2) and provides 60% of the water supply for Portsmouth. It was created in 1960 with a dam built by the Army Corps of Engineers.

Madbury is served by state routes 9, 108 and 155.

Demographics[edit]

Mill Hill Road Bridge c. 1905

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 1,509 people, 534 households, and 411 families residing in the town. The population density was 129.2 people per square mile (49.9/km²). There were 543 housing units at an average density of 46.5 per square mile (17.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.62% White, 0.40% African American, 0.27% Native American, 1.26% Asian, 0.40% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.46% of the population.

There were 534 households out of which 42.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.1% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.0% were non-families. 15.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.13.

Dam at the Bellamy Reservoir

In the town the population was spread out with 30.0% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 7.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $57,981, and the median income for a family was $67,981. Males had a median income of $47,969 versus $30,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $26,524. About 3.9% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.

Schools[edit]

Madbury is part of the Oyster River School District, along with the towns of Durham and Lee. One of the two elementary schools in the district, Moharimet Elementary School, is located in Madbury on Route 155. It was named after a local Indian chief.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  2. ^ a b Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. p. 563. 
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]