Made in Germany
Made in Germany is a merchandise mark indicating that a product has been manufactured in Germany.
According to Professor Asaf Zussman, Department of Economics, Hebrew University in "The Rise of German Protectionism in the 1870s: A Macroeconomic Perspective∗", the "Rye and Iron" tariffs introduced by Bismarck’s Germany in 1879, caused a major reduction of imports in order to protect Germany's industries. As a response, the Free-trade Liberal government in the UK introduced the Merchandise Marks act to allow consumers to be able to choose whether or not they would continue to purchase goods from protectionist economies. The term Made in Germany was eventually became associated with product reliability and quality as German manufacturing standards improved.
"Made in Germany" is not controlled by a central regulatory body. However, citation needed] In 1973, the Bundesgerichtshof made a ruling that Made in Germany does not enable people to properly distinguish between the two Germanys of the time, so Made in West Germany and Made in GDR became popular. In 1995, the Oberlandesgericht Stuttgart ruled that the term Made in Germany is misleading according to Germany's Fair Trades Act when the largest part is not German raw materials or German craftsmanship.[
- "Board of Trade: Merchandise Marks Standing Committee: Papers". The National Archives (United Kingdom). Retrieved 2012-10-20.
The Merchandise Marks Act 1887 required, for the first time, that the country of origin should be marked on any imported goods bearing the name or trade mark of a United Kingdom manufacturer. . . . Under the Act, the addition of the country of origin to imported goods of any series or description could be enforced by Order in Council.
- Borck, Hans-Günther (1993). Ein gemeinsames Erbe: "Made in Germany". Wettbewerb in Recht und Praxis. pp. 301–303.
- Wulf, Julia (1995). "Made in Germany": Wirtschaftliche Bedeutung und rechtliche Schutzmöglichkeiten. Frankfurt am Main; New York: Peter Lang Verlag. ISBN 3-631-47785-6.