Magnesium gluconate

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Magnesium gluconate
Magnesium gluconate.svg
Identifiers
CAS number 3632-91-5 YesY
PubChem 11418570
ChemSpider 9593457
ATC code A12CC03
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C12H22MgO14
Molar mass 414.60 g mol−1
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Magnesium gluconate is a compound with formula MgC12H22O14. It is the magnesium salt of gluconic acid.

According to scientific research, Magnesium gluconate shows the highest level of bioavailability of any magnesium salt and is recommended as the optimal salt for human supplementation although of the 10 salts studied, all increased Magnesium levels significantly.[1]

It has E number "E580".

Use in Medicine[edit]

There are data on the pharmacological properties of magnesium gluconate. Gluconic acid is the initial substrate for the reactions of pentose phosphate path of oxidation of glucose, so it was suggested that it may affect the energy metabolism of mitochondria.[citation needed] In Ukraine, magnesium gluconate, together with potassium gluconate in the drug Rhythmocor is used to treat heart disease. Pilot studies have shown efficacy in various cardiac arrhythmia.[citation needed] Whether these effects are from the influence of gluconic acid on the metabolism of the heart or from the influence of magnesium and potassium on osmotic pressure is unknown.

References[edit]