Mahl people refers to the ethnic Maldivians of India (i.e. People of Minicoy and migrant communities from Minicoy). They are one of the three subgroups of the Maldivian people and speak the Mahl dialect of Maldivian language which is a member of the southern group of Indo-Aryan languages. All Mahls are native to the island of Minicoy in Union territory of Lakshadweep, India, which was formerly a part of the Maldive Islands.
Local oral tradition has it that Kamborani and Kohoratukamana, two princesses from the Maldives, came to Minicoy. When they arrived, the Tivaru, who had been living there before, left the island for Sri Lanka. The Kamborani's descendants are the bodun (land- and shipowners) and the descendents of Kohoratukamana are the niamin (captains). The other status-groups are made up of the descendants of their crew. Traditions like this and linguistic affinities with the Mahl dialect of Maldivian language spoken in Minicoy and the standard Maldivian dialect, compared with the southern Maldivian dialects in which archaic features are more well-preserved suggest that Minicoy was principally settled by settlers from Malé or northern Maldives.
Demographics and geographic distribution
Most Mahls live in their native land of Maliku (Minicoy) in the union territory of Lakshadweep, India. In Lakshadweep the Mahls emerged as a separate ethnic group and are 15.67% of the total population of Lakshadweep.
There are migrant communities of Mahls in other parts of India too. The origin of all the Mahl communities in India and elsewhere lies in the island of Minicoy. A number of Mahls have settled in the districts of Kozhikode, Malappuram, Ernakulam and Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum) in the southern state of Kerala. There is a community of Mahls in Kerala who came and settled there in the 17th century, when the islands of Lakshadweep came under the rule of Ali Rajahs/Arakkal Bheevi of Kannur.
According to the ethno-history of the Thakru, a person named Thakru came to Minicoy from Atol Addu in Maldives and married thrice, and the present Thakru are his descendants.
- Cain, B.D. (2000). Dhivehi (Maldivian): A Synchronic and Diachronic Study (Ph.D. dissertation). Cornell University.
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- "Mahal language - encyclopedia article about Mahal language". Encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com. 2006-07-20. Retrieved 2012-07-15.
- Ellen Kattner, The Social Structure of Maliku (Minicoy)
- Singh, K.S. (1993). People of India: Lakshadweep. Anthropological Survey of India. ISBN 81-85336-98-9.