Malawi Congress Party
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|Malawi Congress Party|
|Youth wing||Malawi Young Pioneers (disbanded)|
|Politics of Malawi
It was the successor to the Nyasaland African Congress (NAC), which was banned in 1959. The MCP was founded in 1959 by Orton Chirwa, Nyasaland's first African barrister soon after his release from Gwelo prison, and other NAC leaders Including Aleke Banda, S. Kamwendo.
Orton Chirwa became the first MCP president (The Nyasaland Times,October 2, 1959), and later was succeeded by Hastings Kamuzu Banda after he was released from Gwelo Prison. Hastings Kamuzu Banda led the party to Independence until his death in 1997.
It won all of the seats in the legislature in the 1961 Nyasaland elections, and led the country to independence as Malawi in 1964. When Malawi became a republic in 1966, the MCP was formally declared to be the only legal party. All adult citizens were required to be party members. They had to carry "party cards" in their wallets at all times. The MCP lost its monopoly on power in a 1993 referendum, and was roundly defeated in the country's first free elections the next year.
It was the successor to the Nyasaland African Congress (NAC), which was banned in 1959. The MCP was founded by Hastings Banda and other NAC leaders in 1960. It came to power in 1964 remained in power under Banda's rule until 1994.
Notable MCP members
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