Malawi Congress Party
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (March 2014)|
|Malawi Congress Party|
|Preceded by||Nyasaland African Congress|
|Youth wing||Malawi Young Pioneers (disbanded)|
|Colors||Black, Red and Green|
|Politics of Malawi
The Malawi Congress Party (MCP) is a political party in Malawi. It was formed as a successor party to the banned Nyasaland African Congress when the country, then known as Nyasaland, was under British rule. The MCP, under Hastings Banda, presided over Malawian independence in 1964, and became dominant as Malawi became a single-party state. In 1997, the MCP lost political dominance, but was not disbanded. At the 2009 elections, it received approximately 30% of the national vote.
The Malawi Congress Party was the successor to the Nyasaland African Congress (NAC) party, which was banned in 1959. The MCP was founded in 1959 by Orton Chirwa, Nyasaland's first African barrister soon after his release from Gwelo prison, and other NAC leaders including Aleke Banda, S. Kamwendo.
Orton Chirwa became the first MCP president, and later was succeeded by Hastings Kamuzu Banda after he was released from Gwelo Prison. Hastings Banda continued to hold the Presidency until his death in 1997.
In the 1961 Nyasaland elections, MCP won all the seats in the legislature and later led Nyasaland to independence as Malawi in 1964. When Malawi became a republic in 1966, the MCP was formally declared to be the only legal party. All adult citizens were required to be party members. They had to carry "party cards" in their wallets at all times. The MCP lost its monopoly on power in a 1993 referendum, and was roundly defeated in the country's first free elections the next year.
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