Manuel Gregorio Tavárez
|Manuel Gregorio Tavárez|
"Father of the Puerto Rican danza"
"The Chopin of America"
|Born||November 28, 1843|
|Origin||San Juan, Puerto Rico|
|Died||July 1, 1883
Ponce, Puerto Rico
Tavárez was born in San Juan, Puerto Rico, the son of a French father and a Puerto Rican mother. San Juan was the city where he first began his musical studies. His first musical mentors were José Cabrizas and Domingo Delgado. Tavárez was a student of Gonzalo de J. Núñez (1850 - 1915), whose students also included the internationally-known musicians and composers Juan Morel Campos and Arístides Chavier Arévalo. Tavárez became an accomplished pianist at an early age. He was able to enroll and study music in the Music Conservatory of Paris at the age of 15 with a scholarship granted by "The Economic Society of Friends of Puerto Rico" (La Sociedad Económica Amigos del Pais). Tavárez studied under the guidance of Auber and D'Albert. While in France, Tavárez suffered a stroke which left his hand partially paralyzed.
Tavárez returned to Puerto Rico because of his health problems. He settled down in Ponce where he gave piano lessons. He was able to overcome his health problems and began to put on musical concerts of his compositions.
"Father of the Puerto Rican Danza"
Tavárez is considered to be Puerto Rico's first Romantic era composer. He also composed music in other genres as well. Among his best known works was the funeral March: Rendención (Redemption), dedicated to honor the memory of José Campeche, the Rhapsody: Souvener de Puerto Rico, and his Danzas: Recuerdos de Antaño (Remembrance of Yesteryear) and what is considered his greatest work, the danza Margarita. The music created by Tavárez would always be recognized as an integral part of Puerto Rican culture. Tavárez is known as the "Father of the Puerto Rican Danza". Among his most distinguished disciples was the composer Juan Morel Campos. His daughter Elisa Tavárez would also become an accomplished pianist.
Manuel Gregorio Tavárez died on July 1, 1883 in the city of Ponce, Puerto Rico. He was 39 years old.
Selection of Danzas by Tavárez
|You may listen to Luciano Quiñones piano interpretation of Tavárez's "Margarita" here|
The following is a list of some of Tavárez's Danzas:
- La Sensitiva (The sensitive one)
- Recuerdos de Antaño (Remembrance of Yesteryear)
- Redención (Redemption)
- Souvener de Puerto Rico
- Un Recuerdito (A small remembrance)
Honors and recognitions
Tavárez has been honored by the Government of Puerto Rico with the naming of public buildings and institutions after him. In San Juan, there is a theater named after him. His music can still be appreciated in concerts today. In Ponce, he is recognized at the Ponce Park of the Illustrious Ponce Citizens.
- Manuel Gregorio Tavarez. Encyclopedia Puerto Rico. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
- A Spanish Pianist Who has Won Fame - Elisa Tavarez. The Music Magazine-musical Courier. Volume 75. 8 November 1917. Page 49. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
- Manuel Gregorio Tavárez
- Music: up close and personal. Annie Laurie Cisneros. The Panama News: Panama's Online Newspaper. Vol. 9. Number 20. Oct. 19 - Nov. 8, 2003. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
- CHAPTER I, ISLAND LIFE FROM 1898 TO 1922. José A. Montalvo. Héctor Campos Parsi: The development of 20th Century Music in Puerto Rico. 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
- La Danza.
- Music of Puerto Rico
- Music. Travel Ponce.com. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
- HERMOSOS RECUERDOS - Evangelina Colón Canta Danzas De Puerto Rico
- Free scores by Manuel Gregorio Tavárez at the International Music Score Library Project