Maria Anna Katharina Rutowska

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Maria Anna Katharina
Countess Rutowska
Spouse Count Michał Bieliński
Comte Claude Marie de Bellegarde et d'Entremont
Issue Frédérique Augusta Marie de Bellegarde
Moritz de Bellegarde
Full name
Maria Anna Katharina Rutowska
House House of Wettin
Father Frederick Augustus I, Elector of Saxony
Mother Maria Anna of Spiegel
Born 1706

Maria Anna Katharina Rutowska[1] (1706–1746)[2] was a Polish noblewoman.

She was the illegitimate daughter of Polish king Augustus II the Strong and his mistress, the Turk Fatima or Fatime, later renamed Maria Anna of Spiegel.

Life[edit]

Katharina was the second child of the liaison between Augustus II and Fatima; her older brother, Frederick Augustus, was born four years before.

Shortly after the birth of Frederick Augustus, the King married Maria Anna with his chamberman Johann Georg of Spiegel, but she remained as his mistress. Katharina was born during this marriage and legally used the name Maria Anna Katharina of Spiegel during her first years of life.

In 1715 her stepfather Johann Georg of Spiegel died; her mother Fatima survived him by only five years.

Augustus II took the guardianship of his children, but only recognized and legitimized both in 1724 and were granted the title of Count and Countess Rutowska.

The now Countess Rutowska was married off by her father on October 1, 1724.[3] with the Polish nobleman Count Michał Bieliński. The marriage was an immediate failure and after eight unhappy years, in early 1732, they divorced.

In February 1732[4] she re- married, this time, a Sabaudian aristocrat in Saxon service, count Claude Marie de Bellegarde et d'Entremont (1700-1755). From this marriage she has two children: one son, Mauritz de Bellegarde (1743-1792), general-lieutenant in service of Saxe,[5] and one daughter, Frédérique Augusta Marie de Bellegarde, named after her maternal grandparents, who married François Sébastien de Chevron-Villette, called the Comte de Villette, on 27 April 1779. The marriage was childless.[6]

Contrary to what is written in several works, she didn't die in 1746. From 1746 to 1752, in fact, she was with her husband in Turin, where count of Bellegarde was embassador of Saxony.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Some sources called her Maria Aurora.
  2. ^ hrabina Anna Konstancja Cosel
  3. ^ 1728 according some sources.
  4. ^ 1735 according some sources.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ Frédérique Augusta Marie de Bellegarde