Marlborough, New Hampshire
|Marlborough, New Hampshire|
Main Street in 1910
|Motto: "Small Town - Big Heart"|
Location in Cheshire County, New Hampshire
|• Board of Selectmen||John Northcott, Chair
|• Total||20.6 sq mi (53.5 km2)|
|• Land||20.4 sq mi (52.9 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2) 1.16%|
|Elevation||705 ft (215 m)|
|• Density||100/sq mi (39/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0873659|
The primary settlement in town, where 1,094 people resided at the 2010 census, is defined as the Marlborough census-designated place (CDP) and is located at the junction of New Hampshire routes 101 and 124.
First granted as Monadnock No. 5 in 1752 by Governor Benning Wentworth, this was one of the fort towns originally known only by a number. Lots were drawn in 1762 and first settled two years later. The town was at one time called Oxford, then New Marlborough, but was incorporated in 1776 as Marlborough. Many of the settlers were from Marlborough, Massachusetts, which had been named for John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, in the late 17th century. Land was set off in 1815 to create the town of Troy.
There was once an important granite industry here. Stone from Marlborough quarries was used in buildings in Boston, at the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, Massachusetts, and locally in the Frost Free Library. Blankets and wooden-ware, including toys, have been manufactured in Marlborough as well.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 20.6 square miles (53.4 km2), of which 20.4 sq mi (52.8 km2) is land and 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2) is water, comprising 1.16% of the town. Marlborough is drained by Minnewawa Brook. The town's highest point is near its southeast corner, on the side of Bigelow Hill, where the elevation reaches 1,516 feet (462 m) above sea level.
The town center of Marlborough, or census-designated place, has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2), none of which is covered with water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,009 people, 829 households, and 565 families residing in the town. The population density was 98.5 people per square mile (38.0/km²). There were 896 housing units at an average density of 16.9 persons/km² (43.9 persons/sq mi). The racial makeup of the town was 98.51% White, 0.20% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.00% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. 0.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 829 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 8.0% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 31.8% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the town the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $44,904, and the median income for a family was $50,927. Males had a median income of $32,727 versus $23,882 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,967. 3.5% of the population and 1.3% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 1.8% are under the age of 18 and 3.4% are 65 or older.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,089 people, 467 households, and 295 families residing in the CDP, or main village of Marlborough. The population density was 643.8 people per square mile (248.8/km²). There were 494 housing units at an average density of 112.9 persons/km² (292.0 persons/sq mi). The racial makeup of the town was 98.71% White, 0.18% African American, 0.18% Asian, and 0.92% from two or more races. 0.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 467 households out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 10.1% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 36.8% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.5 males.
The median income for a household is $37,404, and the median income for a family was $48,516. Males had a median income of $31,705 versus $23,698 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,893. 4.6% of the population and 1.7% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 3.0% are under the age of 18 and 4.7% are 65 or older.
Sites of interest
- United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 572–573.
- History of Marlborough, Cheshire County, New Hampshire
- Town of Marlborough official website
- Frost Free Library
- New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile