Martín de Argüelles
Martín de Argüelles, Jr. (born 1566) was the first known child of European descent born in what is now the continental United States. His birthplace in St. Augustine, Florida (San Agustín, La Florida) marks the oldest continuously occupied European-founded city anywhere in the continental United States.
Martín was born in 1566 in the Spanish settlement of St. Augustine, Florida, approximately twenty-one years before the short-lived colony at Roanoke Island in North Carolina. Martín's parents were Martín de Argüelles (Sr.) and Leonor Morales. Martín Sr., an Asturian hidalgo, was one of the expeditioners who came to New Spain in the New World with Captain General Pedro Menéndez de Avilés in 1565. Martín Sr. was the first Alcalde (Mayor) of San Agustín, and had been in charge of munitions in the Florida forts of Santa María, San Agustín (now St. Augustine), and Santa Elena.
Martín Jr. served the Spanish crown in Portugal and several garrisons and expeditions which embarked in the Spanish Armada which went in search of Corsair Sir Francis Drake. Martín Jr. was later transferred in 1594 from Havana, Cuba, to Mérida, Mexico, where he was appointed "Executive Officer" of the Mérida fortress and coast. Martín Jr. was married in Mérida.
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