Martin Bott

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Martin Bott
Born Martin Harold Phillips Bott
(1926-07-12) July 12, 1926 (age 88)[1]
Institutions
Alma mater University of Cambridge (MA, PhD)
Thesis Part I. The deep structure of Northumberland and Co. Durham. Part II. A geophysical study of the granites in relation to crystal structure (1954)
Doctoral students Anthony Watts[2]
Notable awards

Martin Harold Phillips Bott FRS (born 1926) is an English geologist and now Emeritus Professor in the Department of Earth Sciences at the University of Durham, England.[3][4]

Education[edit]

Bott was educated at Clayesmore School in Dorset and Magdalene College, Cambridge, where he was awarded a Master of Arts degree and PhD.[1][5]

Career[edit]

Bott worked throughout his academic career at the University of Durham. In 1954 he started as Turner & Newall Research Fellow. In 1956 he received an appointment as Lecturer in Geophysics, was promoted to Reader in Geophysics in 1963 and in 1966 appointed Professor of Geophysics.[3] This place he held until his retirement in 1988, interrupted only in 1970 by a year abroad at the Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory of Columbia University.

Research[edit]

Bott dealt first with the interpretation of magnetic and gravimetric anomalies in England, including Devon and Cornwall[6] and in the eastern Alps.[7] In the late 1950s he began studies on the mechanism of geological disturbances,[6] and published work on various problems in relation to the structure of the crust.[8]

In the 1960s Bott published papers on the use of digital computation methods for solving geophysical problems[9] and further work on the structure of the crust, regional geophysical studies in England and Ireland. In the early 1970s he published his textbook The Interior of the Earth, in which he summarized the current knowledge about the structure of the earth.[9] In addition to theoretical work on the interpretation of magnetic and gravimetric anomalies that appeared over the next few years, he published other geophysical papers on regions such as the Faroe Islands,[10] South Greenland[11] and the Lesser Antilles.[12] Even after his retirement, he remained true to his research and published numerous scientific papers and books.[13][14][15][16][17] [18][19][20]

Awards and honours[edit]

Bott was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1976 and was the 1992 recipient of the Wollaston Medal from the Geological Society of America.[21] His nomination for the Royal Society reads:

Personal life[edit]

Bott is a Vice-President of Christians in Science.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "BOTT, Prof. Martin Harold Phillips". Who's Who 2014. Who's Who (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc.  (subscription required)
  2. ^ Watts, Anthony Brian (1970). Geophysical investigations in the Faeroes to Scotland region, Northeast Atlantic (PhD thesis). University of Durham. 
  3. ^ a b "Prof Martin H. P. Bott". Durham University. 2011. Retrieved September 2011. 
  4. ^ Martin Bott from the Scopus bibliographic database.
  5. ^ Bott, Martin Harold Phillips (1954). Part I. The deep structure of Northumberland and Co. Durham. Part II. A geophysical study of the granites in relation to crystal structure (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge.  (subscription required)
  6. ^ a b Bott, M. H. P.; Day, A. A.; Masson-Smith, D. (1958). "The Geological Interpretation of Gravity and Magnetic Surveys in Devon and Cornwall". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences 251 (992): 161. doi:10.1098/rsta.1958.0013. 
  7. ^ Interpretation of the gravity field of the Eastern Alps. MHP Bott – Geological Magazine, 1954 - Cambridge Univ Press
  8. ^ Bott, M. H. P. (1956). "A geophysical study of the granite problem". Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society 112: 45. doi:10.1144/GSL.JGS.1956.112.01-04.04. 
  9. ^ a b Bott, M. H. P. (1960). "The use of Rapid Digital Computing Methods for Direct Gravity Interpretation of Sedimentary Basins". Geophysical Journal International 3: 63. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.1960.tb00065.x. 
  10. ^ Bott, M. H. P.; Sunderland, J.; Smith, P. J.; Casten, U.; Saxov, S. (1974). "Evidence for continental crust beneath the Faeroe Islands". Nature 248 (5445): 202. doi:10.1038/248202a0. 
  11. ^ Featherstone, P. S.; Bott, M. H. P.; Peacock, J. H. (1977). "Structure of the continental margin of South-eastern Greenland". Geophysical Journal International 48: 15. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.1977.tb01282.x. 
  12. ^ Westbrook, G. K.; Bott, M. H. P.; Peacock, J. H. (1973). "Lesser Antilles Subduction Zone in the Vicinity of Barbados". Nature Physical Science 244 (138): 118. doi:10.1038/physci244118a0. 
  13. ^ 1971: The Interior of the Earth. London: Edward Arnold ISBN 0-7131-2274-9
  14. ^ 1976: Sedimentary Basins of Continental Margins and Cratons; based on the symposium ... Durham, 1976. Amsterdam: Elsevier ISBN 0-444-41549-1 (as editor) (also issued as: Tectonophysics; vol. 36, nos. 1-3)
  15. ^ 1982: The Interior of the Earth: its structure, constitution and evolution; 2nd ed. London: Edward Arnold ISBN 0-7131-2842-9
  16. ^ 1983: Structure and Development of the Greenland-Scotland Ridge: new methods and concepts. New York: Plenum ISBN 0-306-41019-2 (as joint editor)
  17. ^ Bott, M.H.P 2003. The story of the Weardale granite. OUGS Journal 24.
  18. ^ Neves, M. C. (2003). "Easter microplate dynamics". Journal of Geophysical Research 108. doi:10.1029/2001JB000908. 
  19. ^ Bott, M. H. P.; Bott, J. D. J. (2004). "The Cenozoic uplift and earthquake belt of mainland Britain as a response to an underlying hot, low-density upper mantle". Journal of the Geological Society 161: 19. doi:10.1144/0016-764903-014. 
  20. ^ Neves, M. C.; Bott, M. H. P.; Searle, R. C. (2004). "Patterns of stress at midocean ridges and their offsets due to seafloor subsidence". Tectonophysics 386 (3–4): 223. doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2004.06.010. 
  21. ^ "Holders of the Wollaston medal (1831–2005)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2009-02-13. 
  22. ^ "EC/1977/08: Bott, Martin Harold Phillips Library and Archive Catalogue". London: The Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2014-09-12. 
  23. ^ CIS Vice-Presidents