Martin Nielsen

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This article is about the Danish politician. For the footballer, see Martin Ulrich Nielsen. For the Danish boxer, see Martin Nielsen (boxer).

Martin Nielsen (12 December 1900 in Gødvad[1] - 1962) was a Danish politician, managing editor, member of parliament for the Communist Party of Denmark and Holocaust survivor.[2]

Before his election to the Danish parliament (Rigsdag) he was a dairyman and farmworker.[2]

Martin Nielsen had a wife and a son.

Later in life he became a member of the Folketing and managing editor.[2]

Internment[edit]

On 22 June 1941, just hours after the commencement of Operation Barbarossa, Danish police arrested Martin Nielsen and other known communists. In December 1942, the Danish authorities handed him and his file over to the Gestapo for interrogation.[2][3]

On 29 August 1943, following the German dissolution of the Danish government, German occupation forces took command of the internment camp where the Danish authorities held Martin Nielsen.[3]

On 2 October 1943, he was deported as part of a group of 150 communists to Stutthof concentration camp, on the ship Wartheland via Swinemunde and by cattle car.[2][3]

On 25 January 1945, Nielsen was marched from Stutthof.[3]

On 10 March 1945, he was liberated by the Red Army, which sent him (part of the way on foot) to Moscow, from where he was repatriated.[3]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Nielsen, Martin (1945). Mennesker jeg mødte paa min Vej (in Danish). Nyt Bogforlag. p. 312. 
  • Nielsen, Martin (1947). Rapport fra Stutthof (in Danish). Gyldendal. p. 170. 
  • Nielsen, Martin (1948). Undervejs mod livet. Erindringer fra Vestre Fængsel og Horserødlejren under Danmarks besættelse (in Danish). Gyldendal. p. 142. 
  • Nielsen, Martin (1949). Fængselsdage og fangenætter. Erindringer fra Vestre Fængsel og Horserødlejren under Danmarks besættelse (in Danish). Forlaget Tiden. p. 156. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gødvad Parish Register (Birth) 1892-1907
  2. ^ a b c d e Kraks Blå Bog 1957 online
  3. ^ a b c d e Nielsen, Martin Rapport fra Stutthof (1947)