History of the Forest
The Marutswa Forest Boardwalk is built on an old logging area harvested in the late 19th century and is named after a local Zulu man called ‘Mahustjwa’ who harvested Sneezewood trees which he sold and were used to build railway sleepers. The lower walk of the contour trail is part of the old logging route which was used by oxen and mules to drag timber for sale in Durban and Pietermaritzburg.
The Marutswa Forest Trail & Boardwalk, located close to the quaint country village of Bulwer on the R617, is a joint initiative between the SappiWWF TreeRoutes Partnership, the Bulwer Biosphere group, the BirdLife South Africa, the Southern KZN Birding Route and local conservation groups. They have incorporated the site into the route. It is a wonderful testament to the power of local people in co-operation with both the business and wildlife communities in their combined determination to conserve and encourage more interest in our eco – heritage. Our intentions are that the Marutswa Forest Boardwalk will profile and promote the conservation of Bulwer’s unique biodiversity by supporting eco-tourism and eco education initiatives that will in turn lead to the conservation of threatened forest habitats. The project has so far provided 3 full-time jobs for local community members as custodians of the project, as well as a welcome platform for local crafters to sell their original and unusual handicrafts from.
The site comprises a network of arterial trails leading into the indigenous forest, where there are a number of lookout jetties boardwalk sections, picnic sites decks and view points, allowing visitors to view the various layers of the forest, including the canopy. Biodiversity
Attracted to the pristine forest habitat bushbuck and reedbuck are frequent visitors to the forest, as are a herd of bush pig that freely forage. Rock dassies have been seen and the call of the tree dassie has also been heard in the forest. Very recently mongooses were also seen around the forest boardwalk. Natal dwarf chameleons and several species of butterfly such as the emperor swallowtail can also be found.
Marutswa Forest has been described by some of the South Africa’s top birding tour operators as one of the most active cloud forests in KwaZulu-Natal. The forest is home to a vast number of rare and interesting birds. Cape parrots, sadly endangered and dwindling in numbers in South Africa are attracted by the seeds, and the nesting potential of the plentiful yellow wood trees and are often found in flocks of up to 100 birds in the forest. Specials to look out for are Cape parrot, orange ground-thrush, African crowned eagle, bush blackcap, white-starred robin, buff-spotted flufftail, Narina trogon, grey cuckooshrike, yellow-throated woodland warbler, crowned and southern ground hornbill.
Within the forest there are a number of very large and old yellowwoods of about the same age and size, surviving simultaneously because they were too small to harvest for logging during the late 19th century. On the upper contour of the walk you will also be enchanted by the very ancient vines that twine and spread through the tree canopies for miles on end.
You will also encounter amongst many other tree species: cabbage trees, white ironwood (Vepris lanceolata), knobthorn (Senegalia nigrescens), black stinkwood, sneezewood, lemonwood, wild currant, wild quince and tree fuchsia (Halleria lucida).
The forest hosts a rich selection of wild plants and grasses including; a large variety of ferns, wild lilies including the spectacular paintbrush lily (Scadoxus puniceus]], ground and tree orchids, wild dagga and wild iris.
The forest has just opened its indigenous nursery where you can find well priced plants and tree saplings.
Craft and coffee shop
The Marustwa craft shop is an Aladdins cave of treasure, filled with interesting and unusual items made by crafters from the surrounding communities, you will find beautifully made baskets, pots, wire, and woven gifts as well as jewelry and carvings. A purchase at the shop helps support a local family.