Matias Perez

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Possible photo of Matias Perez (center) and French pilot Eugene Goddard (right) aboard the balloon "Ville de Paris"

Matias Perez was a Portuguese born, Cuban resident, who started a canopy business in Havana in the 19th century. He was carried away with the ever increasing popularity of aerostatic aircraft, and became a balloon pilot, ascending at least three times before he disappeared while attempting an aerostatic flight from Havana's Plaza de Marte (today, Parque Central) on June 28, 1856.

A few days earlier he had made a successful attempt, flying several miles. His second try, however, became part of Cuba's folklore: when somebody or something disappears into thin air, Cubans say: "Voló como Matías Pérez" (flew away like Matias Perez).[1]

Early career[edit]

Matías Perez, originally a Portuguese citizen, moved to Cuba and started a successful business selling canopies and awnings. He was known as "The king of the canopies" at the time. But it is said that he always had an interest in aeronautics. Before buying a balloon from the French pilot Eugène Godard, Matías had a friendly relationship with the pilot, and they had taken flight together from Havana on May 21, 1856.[2]

Interest in aeronautics and famous flights[edit]

Don Matías Perez was not the first aeronautic pilot on Cuban soil. Before him were Frenchman Eugenio Robertson, who took flight on March 19, 1828, French born Adolfo Theodore, who made 3 ascensions in 1830, and Cuban Domingo Blineau (credited as the first Cuban to build a balloon from scratch and personally produce hydrogen gas for fuel).

The list goes on, but the names remembered are famous French pilot Eugene Godard, who flew his balloon "City of Paris" many times in the island, before selling it to Matías Péres for 1200 hard pesos. [3]

Godard was a reputed balloon pilot and builder.[4] He built his first prototype in 1845, and launched several models within the following year. In 1850 he built his most famous craft, the one Matías Pérez would buy in 1856: the "Ville de París". By the time Matías purchased it, the apparatus had been tested and proven on several occasions, including a large trip from Paris to Gits (Belgium) on October 6, 1850.[5]

Once Matías procured the ship, he sought permission to fly it in a letter to Captain General José Gutiérrez de la Concha. The first flight took place on June 12, 1856 with excellent atmospheric conditions.

The second flight took place on June 29, 1856. Local newspapers reported that the wind was strong the day the flight was scheduled, causing Matías to delay his ascent. He finally decided to ascend at sunset around 7:00 PM and was never seen again. His disappearance earned him a place in Cuban history and popular culture (see below).

In popular culture[edit]

First Day envelope dedicated to Matias Perez

His disappearance coined the popular century-old phrase "Voló como Matías Pérez" (Flew like Matias Perez) used in occasions when a person wants make emphasis about some other missing person or object.

Coprefil, the Cuban official agency responsible for design, production and sales of stamps, celebrated Matías Peréz 100th anniversary flight with a First Day Edition, on June 29, 1956, and honored him again as one Cuba's first pilots with two stamps, value 3 and 13 cents respectively showing Plaza de Marte, the location from where he departed, and the Chorrera Fort, where he landed after his first successful trip in 1856.

In 1969, the story of Matías Perez was translated into a recurring comic series by artist Luis Lorenzo Sosa. This science fiction adventures claims the pilot was abducted by an alien race and taken away to the far away planet of Strakon. It was released by Abril Publishing House on a weekly basis, in the Pionero Magazine.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Corbitt D.C. (1941) How Matias Perez Flew. Hispania, Vol. 24, No. 3 (October 1941), pp. 277–280 doi:10.2307/331902

  1. ^ "Matías Pérez". Check-Six.com. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  2. ^ url=http://www.radioenciclopedia.cu/cultural-news/curiosities/flew-away-like-matias-perez-20121006/
  3. ^ url=http://www.ecured.cu/index.php/Ascensiones_aerost%C3%A1ticas
  4. ^ url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_aviation_in_Canada#Lighter-than-air_aircraft
  5. ^ url=http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eug%C3%A8ne_Godard
  6. ^ url=http://www.thehmagazine.com/cuban_comic/cuban_comic.htm