|Java spadefoot toad (Leptobrachium hasseltii)|
About a dozen, see text
|Global range (black)|
The Megophryidae are a large family of frogs native to the warm southeast of Asia, from the Himalaya foothills eastwards, south to Indonesia and the Greater Sunda Islands in Maritime Southeast Asia, and extending to the Philippines. As of 2013[update] it encompasses about 171 species of frogs divided between 10 genera. For lack of a better vernacular name, they are commonly called megophryids.
The megophryids are notable for their camouflage, especially those that live in forests, which often look like dead leaves. The camouflage is accurate to the point of some having skin folds that look like leaf veins, and at least one species, the long-nosed horned frog (Megophrys montana) has sharp projections extending past the eye and nose, which disguise the frog shape.
Megophryids range in size from 2 to 12.5 cm (0.79 to 4.9 in) in length. The adults' tongues are noticeably paddle-shaped. Their tadpoles can be found in a variety of waters, but especially ponds and streams. The tadpoles are extremely diverse in form because of the variety of habitats they inhabit.
Family Megophryinidae includes the following 10 genera:
- Borneophrys Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean & Ohler, 2006 (rough horned frogs, formerly in Megophrys)
- Brachytarsophrys Tian and Hu, 1983 (Karin Hills frogs)
- Leptobrachella Smith, 1925 (Borneo frogs)
- Leptobrachium Tschudi, 1838 (Eastern spadefoot toads)
- Leptolalax Dubois, 1980 (Asian toads)
- Megophrys Kuhl and Van Hasselt, 1822 (Asian horned toads)
- Ophryophryne Boulenger, 1903 (mountain toads)
- Oreolalax Myers and Leviton, 1962
- Scutiger Theobald, 1868 (cat-eyed toads)
- Xenophrys Günther, 1864
- Zweifel, Richard G. (1998). Cogger, H.G. & Zweifel, R.G., ed. Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 88. ISBN 0-12-178560-2.
- Frost, Darrel R. (2013). "Megophryidae Bonaparte, 1850". Amphibian Species of the World 5.6, an Online Reference. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Megophryidae.|
- Cogger, H.G; Zweifel, R.G. & Kirschner, D. (2004): Encyclopedia of Reptiles & Amphibians (2nd ed.). Fog City Press. ISBN 1-877019-69-0
- Heying, H. (2003): Animal Diversity Web – Megophryidae. Retrieved 2006-MAY-08.
- "Asian Toadfrogs (Megophryidae)". Amy Lathrop. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. Ed. Michael Hutchins, Arthur V. Evans, Jerome A. Jackson, Devra G. Kleiman, James B. Murphy, Dennis A. Thoney, et al. Vol. 6: Amphibians. 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2004. p109-117.