Melongenidae

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Melongenidae
Melongena corona 4.jpg
A live Melongena corona in the process of rolling over using its operculum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda
clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Neogastropoda
Superfamily: Buccinoidea
Family: Melongenidae
Gill, 1871 (1854)
Genera

See text

Melongenidae, the crown conchs, busycon whelks and their relatives, are a taxonomic family of large to very large marine gastropods in the clade Neogastropoda.

Taxonomy[edit]

The genera Busycon and Busycotypus were previously placed in the Melongenidae.[1] However, based on their digestive systems and on cladistic analysis by Kosyan & Kantor (2004),[1] these two genera have been moved to the family Buccinidae.

According to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi (2005) the family Melongenidae consists of two subfamilies:

  • Subfamily Melongeninae Gill, 1871 (1854) - synonyms: Cassidulidae Gray, 1854 (inv.); Galeodidae Thiele, 1925 (inv.); Volemidae Winckworth, 1945; Heligmotomidae Adegoke, 1977
  • Subfamily Echinofulgurinae Petuch, 1994

Genera[edit]

Genera in the family Melongenidae include:[2]

Genera brought into synonymy 
  • Galeodes Röding, 1798 : synonym of Melongena Schumacher, 1817
  • Semifusus Agassiz, 1846 : synonym of Hemifusus Swainson, 1840
  • Volegalea Iredale, 1938 : synonym of Pugilina Schumacher, 1817

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kosyan A. R. & Kantor Yu. I. (2004). "Morphology, taxonomic status and relationships of Melongenidae (Gastropoda: Neogastropoda)". Ruthenica 14(1): 9-36. abstract and preview
  2. ^ "Melongenidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.