Menachem Ussishkin

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"Ussishkin" redirects here. For the archaeologist, see David Ussishkin.
Menachem Ussishkin (left)
Home of Menachem Ussishkin in Rehavia, Jerusalem

Menachem Ussishkin (Hebrew: מנחם אוסישקין‎; August 14, 1863 – October 2, 1941) was a Russian-born Zionist leader and head of the Jewish National Fund.

Avraham Menachem Mendel Ussishkin was born in Dubroŭna in the Belarusian part of the Russian Empire. In 1889, he graduated as a technical engineer from Moscow Technological Institute. Ussishkin was among the founders of the BILU movement and the Moscow branch of the Hovevei Zion. He also joined the Bnei Moshe society founded by Ahad HaAm. In 1891, he made his first trip to Palestine.[1]

He served as Secretary of the First Zionist Congress. At the Sixth Zionist Congress he opposed the Uganda plan.

He was one of the Jewish delegates to the Paris peace conference after World War I.[1]

In 1919, Ussishkin made aliyah to Palestine. In 1920 he was appointed head of the Zionist Commission in Palestine.[1] In his pamphlet "Our Program" he advocated group settlement based on labour Zionism. Under his influence the Zionist movement actively supported the establishment of agricultural settlements, educational and cultural institutions, and Jewish polytechnic - later the Technion.

In 1923 he was elected President of the Jewish National Fund which he headed until his death. Ussishkin was behind major land acquisitions in the Hefer, Jezreel and Beit She'an valleys.

He died in 1941 in Jerusalem at the age of 78. He is buried in Nicanor's Cave at the botanical gardens of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem on Mount Scopus.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Menachem Mendel Ussishkin". The complete guide to Israeli postage stamps from 1948 onward. Boeliem. 
  2. ^ Mount Scopus botanical garden

External links[edit]