Merthyr Mawr

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Merthyr Mawr Church. A medieval cross is to the left of the church
Dunes of Merthyr Mawr Warren

Merthyr Mawr is a village and community in Bridgend, Wales. The village is about 2½ miles from the centre of Bridgend town. The community occupies the area west of the Ewenny River, between Bridgend and Porthcawl. It takes in the settlement of Tythegston and a stretch of coastal sand dunes known as Merthyr Mawr Warren.

Buildings and landmarks of note[edit]

Merthyr Mawr House is an early 19th-century mansion built by Sir John Nicholl and set in an extensive park. Within the park is the Iron Age hillfort known as Chapel Hill Camp. Within the embankments is the now roofless 15th century chapel of St Roque (or Roch), which now provides a home for two early medieval inscribed stones.[1]

Merthyr Mawr is largely an estate village for the House. It now contains several cottages retaining thatched roofs and well maintained gardens. At the south end of the village is the parish church of St Teilo. It was built in 1849-51 to a design by Benjamin Ferrey and John Pritchard, on an ancient medieval site. A collection of stones from the former churchyard and the surrounding area were gathered together, and are now displayed in a shelter in the churchyard.[1]

Nearby are the Merthyr Mawr Sand Dunes. Scenes from Lawrence of Arabia were filmed on the dunes. Candleston Castle is on the edge of the area of dunes. Mike Young Productions children's cartoon studio is located in Merthyr Mawr.

The River Ogmore flows through the village and a famous sheep dipping bridge crosses it on the outskirts of the village. The former POW Camp Island Farm is less than a mile away. The Ewenny River forms the southern boundary of both the community and the borough. The villages of Ewenny and Ogmore-by-Sea are both on the southern bank of the Ewenny, along with Ogmore Castle.

Scheduled Monuments[edit]

Pre-Norman stones at St Teilo Churchyard

There are large number of archaeological sites in the Community area, showing habitation from Neolithic times, and intensive occupation since Roman times. Thirteen sites are Scheduled Monuments, which gives them legal protection from disturbance:-

Candleston Castle
The Ogmore River and New Inn Bridge

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust Historic Landscapes: Merthyr Mawr accessed 11 May 2013
  2. ^ coflein website NPRN: 94522. Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust PRN: 00287m. Cadw SAM: GM022: Tythegston Long Barrow
  3. ^ coflein website NPRN: 301290. Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust PRN: 00228m. Cadw SAM: GM025: Mynydd Herbert Round Barrow
  4. ^ coflein NPRN: 94625. Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust PRN: 00275m. Cadw SAM: GM248: Chapel Hill Camp
  5. ^ coflein NPRN: 308713. Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust PRN: 01015m. Cadw SAM: GM432: Merthyr Mawr Warren
  6. ^ coflein NPRN: 301305. Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust PRN: 00246m. Cadw SAM: GM102: Cae Summerhouse Camp
  7. ^ coflein NPRN: 301386. GGAT PRN: 00279m. Cadw SAM: GM169: Pre-Norman Stones in Churchyard
  8. ^ coflein NPRN: 94715. GGAT PRN: 02260.0m. Cadw SAM: GM465: Vervil Dyke
  9. ^ coflein NPRN: 307244. GGAT PRN: 00263m. Cadw SAM: GM214: Cross in Tythegston Churchyard
  10. ^ coflein NPRN: 93143. GGAT PRN: 00248m. Cadw SAM: GM247: St Rogue's Chapel
  11. ^ coflein NPRN: 275853. GGAT PRN: 01335m. Cadw SAM: GM026: Merthyr Mawr Inscribed Stones (now in St Rogue's Chapel)
  12. ^ coflein NPRN: 93050. GGAT PRN: 00258m. Cadw SAM: GM095: Candleston Castle
  13. ^ coflein NPRN: 307247. GGAT PRN: 00233m. Cadw SAM: GM226: Merthyr Mawr Churchyard Cross
  14. ^ coflein NPRN: 24135. GGAT PRN: 00277m. Cadw SAM: GM050: New Inn Bridge

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°29′04″N 3°36′36″W / 51.48449°N 3.61006°W / 51.48449; -3.61006