Michael Cho

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For the Canadian illustrator and cartoonist, see Michael Cho (illustrator).
Michael Cho
Hangul 조성만[1]
Revised Romanization Jo Seongman
McCune–Reischauer Cho Sŏngman

Michael Sungman Cho (1982 – December 31, 2007) was a Korean American artist shot to death by police in the Orange County city of La Habra, California.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]

Life[edit]

Cho was one of two sons born to father Sungman Cho and mother Honglan; he has an older brother, Mark.[7][9][10] His father works as a painting contractor, while his mother is a nurse with the intensive care unit of a Kaiser Permanente-run hospital.[3] He walked with a severe limp due to a lifelong leg disability.[8] He graduated from Walnut High School before going on to attend the University of California, Los Angeles.[2] His passions were music, sculpture, drawing, and ceramics; he went to South Korea to study traditional Korean ceramic art after receiving a bachelor's degree from UCLA in 2005. He planned to apply to a master's program in art at Yale University, with the aim of becoming a professor. Outside of his studies, he was active in his church, at which he taught art to children with disabilities.[3]

Death[edit]

At 1 p.m. on New Year's Eve, police received a telephone report that an Asian man was vandalizing car windows on North Walnut Avenue; the officers who arrived on the scene were unable to find the man reported.[3][5] The same person called in an hour later to report that the man in question was at Walnut Avenue and Whittier Boulevard and had a tire iron.[2][3] Police arrived at the address of the alleged vandalism, the 7Gold Liquor Store at 545 Whittier Boulevard, after 2 p.m.; they contacted their dispatcher at 2:04 to state that they were outside of the liquor store with Cho. Their next communication with the dispatcher was 41 seconds later, during which they stated that they had shot Cho, and requested assistance from paramedics.[8] The paramedics pronounced Cho dead at the scene.[5]

The liquor store's closed-circuit television camera recorded 25 seconds of the incident. The relevant clip shows two officers with two guns drawn; Cho walked towards them and brought his right hand to his mouth. He appeared to be holding an object in his left hand. He then turned to his right and walked out of the camera's view; police continued to point their guns at him.[3] The officers claimed that the object Cho was holding was the previously-reported tire iron, and that he threatened them with it and refused orders to put it down. Newspaper reports stated that police fired ten shots at Cho; La Habra police chief Dennis Kies was unable to confirm this number in an interview ten days after the shooting.[2]

Reactions[edit]

Friends and community members were angered and saddened by the shootings. UCLA art professor James Welling expressed his disbelief that Cho could be perceived as "menacing"; he described Cho as a "good-natured" person who was always "hanging around with high-achieving art students".[6] On January 5, 2008 (Saturday), more than 100 of Cho's friends and relatives held a candlelight vigil at the site of his death; they set up photographs of Cho and left notes of condolence.[2] His funeral was held on the morning of January 12, 2008 at the Good Stewards Church; he was buried at Oakdale Memorial Park that afternoon.[9] On February 19, 2008 (Tuesday), 200 people gathered outside La Habra City Hall to demand police provide; in contrast to the previous memorial, at which the atmosphere was one of mourning, the attendees at the February memorial expressed their anger at police.[4] A Facebook group created to celebrate his life and protest his death had grown to 3,000 members by late February 2008.[8]

Investigation and lawsuit[edit]

The officers involved in the shooting were placed on administrative leave, and the department planned to convene an internal review panel to look into the death.[2] By the following month, the officers had returned to work.[4] Cho's death was the second Orange County officer-involved shooting in two days; on the morning of January 30, police responding to a domestic violence call shot a man in the abdomen after he allegedly lunged at them with a knife.[5] Of the 49 officer-involved shootings in Orange County since July 2004, the La Habra Police Department was responsible for four, making them one of the most deadly out of over twenty municipal police departments in the county.[8] The La Habra Police Department declined to release the names of the officers in question. In June 2008, the Orange County district attorney's office announced that their investigation concluded that the killing was a justifiable homicide, and that no charges would be filed.[11][12]

Cho's family hired Shelley Kaufman and Pat Harris, attorneys with the firm of high-profile criminal defense lawyer Mark Geragos, to represent them and were reportedly considering a lawsuit against the La Habra Police Department. Few community leaders expected that the officers in question would be punished for the shooting death.[3] In July 2008, they filed a civil suit against the city of La Habra and the officers in question.[13] Their suit alleged wrongful death and negligence. Southern California District Court judge Alicemarie H. Stotler announced in November 2009 that the trial would begin on February 2, 2010.[14] However, the trial resulted in a hung jury, and Stotler declared a mistrial.[10] In April 2010, a new trial date of September 21 was announced, with a settlement conference to be held in June.[15] On September 15, less than a week before the trial date, Cho's family accepted a $250,000 settlement, stating that they hoped to avoid the "emotional ordeal" of a second trial.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "美한인사회, 경찰 총격 피살 청년 진상규명 촉구 (Korean American community demands investigation into the truth of police shooting of youth)", JoongAng Ilbo, January 5, 2008, retrieved 2008-02-26 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Molina, Sandra T. (January 10, 2008), "Shooting death of UCLA graduate probed; Michael Sungman Cho shot by La Habra police Dec. 31", Whittier Daily News, retrieved 2008-02-26 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Reza, H.G. (February 11, 2008), "Korean Americans Angered by Killing", Los Angeles Times, retrieved 2008-02-26 
  4. ^ a b c Fletcher, Jaimee Lynn (February 19, 2008), "Korean community demands answers in police shooting", The Orange County Register, retrieved 2008-02-26 
  5. ^ a b c d Edds, Kimberly (December 31, 2007), "Man shot, killed by La Habra police", The Orange County Register, retrieved 2008-02-26 
  6. ^ a b Fletcher, Jaimee Lynn (January 4, 2008), "Friends of shooting victim plan to hold memorial", The Orange County Register, archived from the original on 2008-03-11, retrieved 2008-02-26 
  7. ^ a b Lee, Dong-yun (January 3, 2008), "한인 조성만씨 경찰 총격에 사망 (Korean Cho Sungman dies in police attack)", Christianity Daily (Los Angeles), retrieved 2008-02-26 
  8. ^ a b c d e Kim, Kenneth; Kim, Sangjin (February 24, 2008), "Gone in 41 Seconds — Police Quick to Kill Korean Artist", New America Media, retrieved 2008-02-26 
  9. ^ a b c "장례일정 알림: 마이클 조 (Funeral announcement: Michael Cho)" ([dead link]), Bulletin Board, Good Stewards Church, January 10, 2008, retrieved 2008-02-26 [dead link]
  10. ^ a b Ponsi, Lou (2010-02-11), "Mistrial declared in fatal police shooting case", The Orange County Register, retrieved 2011-05-08 
  11. ^ Reza, H. G. (2008-06-27), "La Habra officers are cleared in shooting; New Year's Eve killing of a man is ruled a justifiable homicide", Los Angeles Times, retrieved 2011-05-08 
  12. ^ Kim, Kenneth (2008-06-27), "DA Refuses to Charge Officers in Cho Case", New American Media, retrieved 2011-05-08 
  13. ^ Kim, Kenneth (2008-07-03), "Cops Face Civil Suit in Killing of Korean American Artist", New American Media, retrieved 2011-05-08 
  14. ^ Ponsi, Lou (2009-11-17), "Trial date set for 2 police officers in fatal shooting", The Orange County Register, retrieved 2011-05-08 
  15. ^ Ponsi, Lou (2010-04-20), "Retrial set in fatal La Habra police shooting", The Orange County Register, retrieved 2011-05-08 
  16. ^ Ponsi, Lou (2010-09-15), "Lawsuit in deadly La Habra police shooting is settled", The Orange Country Register, retrieved 2011-05-08