Michael Leverson Meyer (11 June 1921 – 3 August 2000) was an English translator, biographer, journalist and dramatist.
Meyer was born in
London into a timber merchant family of Jewish origin, and studied English at [1 ] Christ Church College, Oxford. His first translation of a Swedish book was the novel by The Long Ships Frans G. Bengtsson, published by [2 ] Collins in 1954. He is best known for his translations of the works of two Scandinavian playwrights, Henrik Ibsen and August Strindberg. Braham Murray wrote of Meyer in his obituary published by The Guardian that Meyer was "the greatest translator of Ibsen and Strindberg into English there has ever been" even superior to William Archer, but [3 ] Inga-Stina Ewbank and especially Jan Myrdal has criticizes the mistranslations, where Myrdal tries to prove that they are made deliberately. Myrdal also strongly criticizes Meyer's biography of Strindberg. [4 ]
Meyer's journalism appeared in the
New York Review of Books. He also wrote acclaimed biographies of both these playwrights; the three volume work on Ibsen (1967-71) won the 1971 [5 ] Whitbread Award for Biography and the work on Strindberg appeared in 1985. [3 ] His autobiography [1 ] Not Prince Hamlet was published in 1989.
For his translations of Strindberg the
Swedish Academy awarded him their Gold Medal, the first time it had been given to an Englishman. [6 ]
List of original works [ edit ]
The End Of The Corridor, 1951
A novel based on his unhappy days at Wellington College.
The Ortolan, 1951
His first play, produced by Wrede in 1953, with
Maggie Smith in the lead, and again in 1965 by Braham Murray, with Helen Mirren.
Lunatic And Lover, 1982
A play about Strindberg's love life.
Summer In Gossensass
Meeting In Rome
Kenneth Haigh, an account of a fictional meeting between the Strindberg and Ibsen.
References [ edit ]
^ a b Mel Gussow "Michael Meyer, 79, Dies; Ibsen and Strindberg Translator and Scholar", New York Times, 9 August 2000
^ Michael Meyer "Frans G. Bengtsson to his translator" in Frans G. Bengtsson-studier II ed. Frans G. Bengtsson-sällskapet, 1997, Lund (Sweden), ISBN 91-971239-5-1
^ a b Braham Murray "Obituary: Michael Meyer", The Guardian, 7 August 2000
^ Jan Myrdal, Ord & avsikt, pg. 145-175.
^ Meuer Michael – New York Reviewer of Books
^ Strindberg: Plays Three, Methuen 1991 ISBN 978-0-413-64840-2