Microanalysis

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Microanalysis is the chemical identification and quantitative analysis of very small amounts of chemical substances (generally less than 10 mg or 1 ml) or very small surfaces of material (generally less than 1 cm2). One of the pioneers in the microanalysis of chemical elements was the Austrian Nobel Prize winner Fritz Pregl.

Methods[edit]

The most known methods used in microanalysis are:

Advantages[edit]

Compared to normal analyses methods, microanalysis:

  • Requires less time for preparation
  • Requires less sample and solvent and thus produces less waste and is more cost effective.

Disadvantages[edit]

  • Handling of small quantities is not always simple.
  • Higher accuracy of weighing is necessary (e.g. use of accurate balance).