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|Birth name||Mikel Laboa Mancisidor|
June 15, 1934|
Donostia-San Sebastián, Gipuzkoa, Spain
|Died||December 1, 2008
Donostia-San Sebastián, Gipuzkoa, Spain
Considered the patriarch of Basque music, his music has had an influence on younger generations. A testament to this is the tribute album Txerokee, Mikel Laboaren Kantak ("Cherokee: Songs of Mikel Laboa"), published in 1991 by various younger-generation rock and folk music groups. His album Bat-Hiru ("One-Three") was chosen in a reader poll by the local Diario Vasco newspaper as the greatest Basque album in history. Nearly all of his songs are sung in Basque.
He spent nearly two years of his childhood in the town of Lekeitio, Bizkaia. In the 1950s he studied medicine and psychiatry in Pamplona-Iruña. He would constantly balance his artistic career with his medical career, which began at the Children's Neuropsychiatry unit at Patronato San Miguel in San Sebastián, where he worked for almost 20 years.
During his student years he became interested in music, influenced by artists such as Atahualpa Yupanqui and Violeta Parra. Following in their footsteps, Laboa would likewise identify himself as a "political artist." In 1958 he made his debut at the Teatro Gayarre in Pamplona.
During the 1960s he, along with other Basque artists, founded the cultural group Ez Dok Amairu ("There is no 13"), which in many ways sought to revitalize Basque culture, long dormant under the Francoist regime. They dedicated their focus on the revival and social status of the Basque language. Within this group Laboa came into his own, emerging along with Benito Lertxundi as a prime example of what was called "new Basque music."
Laboa's music can be described as a combination of tradition, poetry and experimentalism, in the songwriting style of the 1960s and 1970s, but endowed with a strong personal touch and a unique voice. His work combines old standards reinterpreted in modern style, lyrical poetry from authors such as Bertolt Brecht, and suitable compositions. Deserving special mention are his Lekeitioak, experimental songs based on shouts and onomatopoetic sounds, which long predated the sounds of Björk and other vanguard musicians of today.
His album Bat-Hiru from 1974 was named "Best Album in History" in a reader poll by the Diario Vasco a few years ago.[clarification needed] Some of his songs have already become popular classics in Basque folk music, especially Txoria txori ("A bird is a bird"), his most famous song, of which Joan Baez did an interpretation using the original Basque lyrics. There is also an orchestral version of the song, in collaboration with the Orfeón Donostiarra (Donostia Choir) credited as the Joven Orquesta de Euskal Herria (Euskal Herriko Gazte Orkestra or "Young Orchestra of the Basque Country"). Other prominent songs include Gure Hitzak ("Our words"), Haika mutil and Baga, biga, higa (also in collaboration with the Orfeón Donostiarra).
Laboa was a creative force for 35 years, continuing well into his old age until his fragile health kept him away from the stage. He would collaborate often with jazz musician Iñaki Salvador and worked with the Orfeón Donostiarra and other orchestral groups from the Basque Country. Some of his most well-known songs are featured in La pelota vasca ("The Basque ball"), a documentary by Julio Medem. On July 11, 2006 he gave his final performance, opening for Bob Dylan at a "Concert for Peace" held in the city of Donostia-San Sebastián.
A curious feature of his album titles is the fact that they are numeric. This custom began in 1974 with the release of his two-disc Bat-Hiru (1-3). The album 2, with songs based on the writings of Brecht, had been banned by Francoist censorship. This was followed by the double LP Lau-Bost (4-5) and 6. His Lekeitios comprised albums 7 through 11, although only a compilation of these was released through low-key marketing. These were followed by 12, and Laboa skipped number 13 in homage to the group Ez Dok Amairu, whose name means "There's no 13" in Basque. Afterwards, he released 14, and his live albums 15 and 16. Not including compilations, his most recent release was 17 (Xoriek).
His final collaboration was with the Pasaia group Naizroxa, where he contributed to the first and only song on the first disc, "Iqharaturic."
Mikel Laboa died December 1, 2008 at a hospital in Donostia-San Sebastián at the age of 74.
- Lau herri kanta, 1964
- Ursuako Kantak, 1966
- Bertold Brecht, 1969
- Haika Mutil, 1969
- Euskal Kanta Berria, 1972
- Bat-Hiru, 1974
- Lau-bost, 1980
- 6 (Sei), 1985
- Lekeitioak, 1988
- 12 (Hamabi), 1989
- 14 (Hamalau), 1994
- Mikel Laboa Zuzenean, 1997
- Zuzenean II - Gernika, 2000
- 60ak+2, 2003
- Xoriek - 17, 2005
- Muere a los 74 años Mikel Laboa, recuperador de la tradición musical vasca El País, retrieved 2008-12-12 (Spanish)
- Mikel Laboa: Basque singer central to his culture's revival The Guardian, 9 December 2009, retrieved on 2009-12-09
- Mikel Laboa in Auñamendi Encyclopaedia (www.euskomedia.org)
- Interview in www.euskonews.com
- Interview in Berria
- This article incorporates information from