Mina Salman

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mina Salman Port
Location
Country Bahrain
Location Manama
Coordinates 26°12′04″N 50°36′25″E / 26.201°N 50.607°E / 26.201; 50.607Coordinates: 26°12′04″N 50°36′25″E / 26.201°N 50.607°E / 26.201; 50.607
Details
Opened 1962
Operated by General Organisation of Sea Ports — Bahrain
Type of harbor Natural
Land area 80 hectares
Available berths 15[1]
Statistics
Annual cargo tonnage 2.5 million[1]
Annual revenue BD 49,854 2009[2]
Website
Mina Salman Port

Mina Salman (Arabic: ميناء سلمان ) is a seaport located in Manama, Bahrain. Mina Salman was a natural harbour prior to the establishment in 1962 of the port covering 80 hectares.[3] It is the primary cargo port and customs point of Bahrain.[4] The port has 15 container berths, enabling it to handle 2.5 million tonnes a year.[1]

Naming[edit]

The port is named after Salman ibn Isa al-Khalifa, the grandfather of the current King.[5]

History[edit]

The Manama harbour, where Mina Salman is now located, was first mentioned in Islamic texts that have been dated to 1345 AD.[6] The area was occupied in 1521 by the Portuguese, and the Persians gained control in 1602. The current Al Khalifa dynasty have ruled the country since 1783.[6] The harbour was not suitable for ocean liners, with reports of ships having to anchor up to 6 km offshore.[6] Approach channels were built in 1954, and a pier was built in 1956, which was mainly used by dhows.[5] In 1958, it became a free port and in 1962, a deep water wharf composed of six berths was constructed.[6] The wharf allowed cargo to be directly loaded onto the port for the first time. In the 1960s, the port had refrigeration, storage facilities and equipment for handling large ships.[6]

In 1975, 1.5 million tonnes of cargo was handled in the port, which led to severe overcrowding.[7][8] This led the Bahraini government to launch a series of expansions in the next decade, including the opening of the Mina Salman Container Terminal in 1979.[8] The port was also the only port in the Gulf to be completely operated by citizens, rather than foreign workers.[8] Over 75% of the port's cargo is containerised.[4]

Facilities[edit]

The port consists of an 800m finger pier, which comprises 10 berths. Three additional 200m conventional berths are located next to the finger pier and two 300m container berths with a depth of 11m.[8] An Outer arm quay of 285m, alongside a 7m depth draught and storage space consists of 10 sheds plus additional open storage and container storage areas totaling 538,000m sq, are present.[3] The cargo handling area covers an area of 60,000m sq.[3][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Logistics and Infrastructure". Bahrain Economic Development Board. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  2. ^ "Shipping & Seamen Registration – 2009 Statistics". GOSP Bahrain. Retrieved 7 July 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Mina Salman Port". General Organisation of Sea Ports — Bahrain. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Ports of Bahrain". Bahrain: GOP. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Mina Sulman". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Mina Salman". World Port Source. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  7. ^ "Mina Salman". Gateway Newsletter. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Mina Sulman Port Information". alsharifbahrain.com. Retrieved 4 July 2012.