Malibu languages

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Malibu
Geographic
distribution:
Department of Magdalena, Colombia
Linguistic classification: unclassified
Subdivisions:
  • Malibú
  • Mocana
Glottolog: (not evaluated)
mali1242  (Malibu proper)[1]
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Pre-contact distribution of the Malibu languages

The Malibu languages are a poorly attested group of extinct languages once spoken along the Magdalena River in Colombia. Material exists only for two of the numerous languages mentioned in the literature: Malibú and Mocana.

Classification[edit]

The Malibu languages have previously been grouped into a single family with the Chimila language.[2] However, Chimila is now known to be a Chibchan language,[3] and Adelaar & Muysken regard the grouping of Chimila with the Malibu languages as "without any factual basis".[4]

Family division[edit]

Rivet initially listed three Malibu tribes, each with its own language:[5]

To this list, Loukotka adds six more languages (excluding Chimila):[2]

Vocabulary[edit]

Rivet gives a brief list of words from Malibú and Mocana, but does not distinguish the two languages.[5] A selection of these is provided below:

  • tahanamanzanilla tree
  • malibu – chief
  • man – small boat
  • ytaylaco/yteylaco/yntelas/ytaylas – devil, deity
  • entaha/enbutaccassava

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Malibu proper". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ a b Loukotka, Čestmír (1968). Classification of South American Indian Languages. Los Angeles: UCLA Latin American Center. pp. 244–5. 
  3. ^ Gordon, Raymond G., ed. (2005). Ethnologue: Languages of the World (15th ed.). SIL International. 
  4. ^ Adelaar, Willem F. H.; Pieter C. Muysken (2004). The Languages of the Andes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 52. ISBN 0-521-36275-X. 
  5. ^ a b Rivet, Paul (1947). "Les indiens Malibú". Journal de la Société des Américanistes de Paris 36: 139–144. doi:10.3406/jsa.1947.2360. 
  6. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Malibu". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.