Montana State Hospital
The Hospital is the only publicly operated psychiatric hospital in the state. It was founded by the territorial government in 1877. The hospital was once Montana's largest unincorporated community. Its peak census was in 1954 when the facility housed 1,964 patients.
Today the census averages under 200 patients, primarily placed by civil court commitment action. The facility also includes a forensic unit for individuals who have been determined by a criminal court proceeding to have committed serious violent crimes but also found to have suffered from mental disease or defect. The Hospital is licensed by the State of Montana and certified for participation in the federal Medicare and Medicaid programs.