Monte Nuovo is a cinder conevolcano within the Campi Flegreicaldera, near Naples, southern Italy. A series of damaging earthquakes and changes in land elevation preceded its only eruption, which lasted from September 29 to October 6, 1538, when it was formed. The event is important in the history of science because it was the first eruption in modern times to be described by a large number of witnesses.
Volcanologists feared another eruption between 1969 and 1984, when there were again earthquakes and changes in land elevations in the area.
^Di Vito, Mauro; and others (1987). "The 1538 Monte Nuovo eruption (Campi Flegrei, Italy)". Bulletin of Volcanology49 (4).
^Scarth, Alwyn (1999) "Chapter 4: Nonte Nuovo, 1538" Vulcan's Fury: Man Against the Volcano Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut, pp.43-56, page 43, ISBN 0-300-07541-3
^Barberi, F.; Corrado, G.; Innocenti, F. and Luongo, G. (1984) "Phlegraean Fields 1982–1984: Brief chronicle of a volcano emergency in a densely populated area" Bulletin of Volcanology 47(2): pp. 175-185
^Del Pezzo, E.; De Natale, G. and Zoloo, A. (1984) "Space-time distribution of small earthquakes at Phlegraean Fields, south-central Italy" Bulletin of Volcanology 47(2): pp. 201-207
^Bianchi, R.; Coradini, A.; Federico, C.; Giberti, G.; Sartoris, G. and Scandone, R. (1984) "Modelling of surface ground deformations in the Phlegraean Fields volcanic area, Italy" Bulletin of Volcanology 47(2): pp. 321-330