Morris (town), New York
The town was settled around 1770.
Morris was formed from the Town of Butternuts April, 1849. The town was named after General Jacob Morris, the son of Lewis Morris a signer of the Declaration of Independence, who was granted land due to property lost during the revolution. In 1859, a part of Town of Pittsfield was transferred to Morris.
Some historical data shows population for 1850 of 2155, in 1855 there were 2038, in 1860 pop 2320, in 1865 a total of 2191, in 1870 pop 2253, and in 1875 there were 2303. After this local population declined the textile mills closed, numbers of sheep plummeted, hops began to give way to dairying, and the local bank failed after speculating in silver mines in New Mexico. There were several projected railroad lines through the vicinity since the mid-19th century. The most promising was a Sidney to Utica trolley line sponsored by Silas Kelsey of Burlington. At the same time Dr. Lewis Morris, who owned the Unadilla Valley Railroad, was sponsoring his own railroad extension from New Berlin through Morris to Oneonta where he intended to have an interchange yard with Delaware & Hudson and Ulster & Delaware railroad lines, land which he donated to Oneonta in 1914, as Neahwa Park. Surveys for both routes were completed and staked but not all of the right of ways given, and the trolley line was built over in the Otego Valley instead.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 39.1 square miles (101 km2), of which, 39.0 square miles (101 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.23%) is water. According to the 1878 history Morris contained 24,035 acres (97.27 km2), assessed valuation $834,276, equalized $502,331. In 1864, Morris had improved 18,481 acres (74.79 km2), 3,081 acres (12.47 km2) plowed land, 7,772 acres (31.45 km2) pasture, 5,727 acres (23.18 km2) in meadow, by 1875 this had increased to 9,368 acres (37.91 km2) plowed, 8,519 acres (34.48 km2) pastured and 6,680 acres (27.0 km2) mowed. Today the few remaining dairy farms are at least one hundred cow dairies.
The west town line is defined by the Unadilla River. Butternut Creek, flowing southward through Morris is a tributary of the Unadilla River.
Residents of note
- Draper Daniels, native, revived local "Morris Chronicle" weekly newspaper as a summer project, became a travelling salesman for Vick's and then an advertising executive who invented the "Jolly Green Giant", "Marlboro Man" campaign and twin calves of Borden's Elsie cow, as well as promoting the idea of being able to travel coast to coast by train without changing coaches, illustrating in contrast that hogs could do it but not people.
- Richard Franchot, 1816–1875, town supervisor, Congressman 19th District, Civil War recruiter and Colonel in 121st NY, Albany & Suquehanna (D&H) RR president and surveyor of one of the earliest proposed trans-Adirondack routes.
- G. McMurtrie Godley, American diplomat, United States Ambassador to Laos 1969-1973.
- George R. Hanks, briefly resided in Morris during presidency of the Linn Mfg. Corp., he was an official of the Taylor Wharton Iron & Steel Co. (TISCO) of High Bridge, NJ, in addition to patented design improvements in the Linn tractor, he designed the "doughboy" helmets, (made of the same maganese steel as Linn track parts) used by the USA in World War I.
- Holman Harry Linn, 1877–1937, Dog and pony show operator from Maine, inventor with 19 patents relating to commercial halftrack type tractors, snowplows, automotive and trailer applications, founder of the Linn Mfg. Corp. of Morris, NY (1916–1949) and Linn Trailer Corp. of Oneonta, NY (1929–1952). Killed at his airstrip in a Stinson airplane crash July 3, 1937, he had been an enthusiastic supporter of air travel since his first flight in 1919.
- Howard W. Naylor, D.V.M., manufacturer of pre-packaged medicated teat dilators, Blu-Kote and famous Dr. Naylor's udder balm for livestock.
- Francis M. Rotch, 1822–1863, Harvard graduate, state senator
- William Yates, MD, born 1767, after instruction and supply from Dr. Jenner in England, arrived in Philadelphia 1799, began smallpox vaccination program, and has a state historical marker on route 23 1-mile (1.6 km) east of the Village of Morris crediting him for pioneering this work in the USA. His grave is located in the Old Church Cemetery on Pegg Road.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,867 people, 737 households, and 529 families residing in the town. The population density was 47.8 people per square mile (18.5/km²). There were 859 housing units at an average density of 22.0 per square mile (8.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.84% White, 0.64% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.86% from other races, and 1.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.66% of the population.
There were 737 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.1% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the town the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $34,176, and the median income for a family was $38,750. Males had a median income of $28,824 versus $22,083 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,427. About 9.5% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.7% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations
- Church Corners – A location in the southwest part of Morris on County Highway
- Collier Bridge – A location west of Morris village, located by Morris Brook.
- Dimmock Hollow North of Morris Manor in the west part of town bordering on Butternuts, with Morris Brook flowing through it, scene of a cannon explosion during a republican meeting in 1884 that killed three men commemorated by a stone marker on route 23.
- Elm Grove – A hamlet northeast of Morris village, located on County Highway 49. Originally planned by Louis DeVilliers, he moved north to New Lisbon and sold to Robert Bowne who built a woolen mill here in 1815 and subdivided land to employees.
- Filer Corners – A location in the south part of the town, north of Maple Grove, former site of the stone schoolhouse now at the Farmer's Museum, Cooperstown.
- Maple Grove – A hamlet at the south town line on County Highway 10 that once had several blacksmith shops, a rake factory, cooper shop, store, post office, church and large steam sawmill.
- Morris – The Village of Morris is located at the junction of NY-23 and NY-51, as well as Butternut Creek. (Founded as "Louisville" by French immigrants, the name was changed due to a conflicting post office by that same name in St. Lawrence County, NY when incorporated in 1870).
- Morris Manor – A sprawling complex of farm outbuildings and tenant houses on the Gen. Jacob Morris estate on route 51 just north of the townline, including the Morris Chapel, site of the first sawmill in town, and later a gristmill, woolen mill, brickyards and iron furnace at Bailey's Mills a short distance north. Said furnace refined bog iron ore, used in the fence surrounding the nearby Hannah Cooper monument on route 51.
- South New Berlin – The north side of US route 23 east of the bridge over the Unadilla River actually lies within the Town of Morris (the south side in Butternuts). The majority of this community being west of the river in the Town of New Berlin, Chenango County.
- Benjamin Chair Factory, at Elm Grove, purchased c. 1856 from the Rice Brothers who cast steel plows there, and operated until 1942, by successive generations George, Andrew and Samuel Benjamin, produced thousands of variants of hardwood chairs, the seats of which were caned in local homes by housewives of millworkers. Most prized today are the hand carved rose back design with handle hole. Also produced other furniture and usual custom millwork, later taken over by Harry Page Decker and then Don Sutter, who made army cots when closed. Ken Kelso later removed much of the contents when establishing Hanford Mills in East Meredith, NY as a museum.
- The Linn Manufacturing Corp, 1916–1949, maker of the Linn tractor. A heavy duty commercial type of halftrack, originally for highway and farm use, carrying twice their own weight with as much as ten times that on trailers or sleds behind, notable in their use motorizing log or freight hauling on ice roads, with full contour following flexible traction but otherwise had the conventional features and operation of the common truck, while engine and driveline components were purchased and casting made elsewhere the rest was built on site of local materials 1917-1952, approx. 120 exist today of a possible 2500 units produced. A radical convertible truck-to-tractor design, known as the C5, was built under design of Phillip Sloan from Ohio, briefly in the former Stewart Truck plant in Buffalo before production returned to Morris where it was rebranded in 1941 as the Linn Catruk. During World War II tractors and cargo trailers were made for the military in addition to V&O Press shell trimming machine, Remington Rand and Scintilla subcontract work including aircraft magneto pole shoes. The 60 hp (45 kW) Fitz steel overshot waterwheel originally powering the plant machinery and village dynamo, was at one time the largest on the East Coast.
- Dr. Naylor's - the only active manufacturer today, maker of Dr. Naylor's Udder Balm, their original product being packaged medicated teat dilators for dairy cattle.
- R. R. Ripley - 1890's - 1920's, manufacturer of all kinds woodenware for agriculture and dairy use, a common rural industry but Ripley invented a saw device using the blade swinging sideways to carve out the hollow of ladles and shovels, making mass production possible. Disston Co. agreed to supply Ripley the blades on condition they were not held liable.
- George Sanderson - pharmacist and manufacturer of his own label "headache powder".
- S. S. Seeley's - c. 1850s-1880s, Silas S. Seeley (1820–1884) sold embossed bottled flavoring extracts, scents, Anderson's Dermador skin products in addition to carved butter molds.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Hannah Cooper Monument - Morris, New York". Employees.oneonta.edu. Retrieved 2014-02-09.
- "Topical Medications for Animal Health - Dr. Naylor - Home". Dr. Naylor. Retrieved 2014-02-09.