Morris Abraham Schapiro (1903 – 1996) was an American investment banker and chess master; in the 1950s, he negotiated the mergers of Chase Bank and the Bank of Manhattan and of Chemical Bank and New York Trust Company. His brother was art historian Meyer Schapiro.
Morris Abraham Schapiro was born in Lithuania in 1903 and came to the United States in 1907. The family lived in Brownsville and Flatbush, Brooklyn. His father worked as a paper and cordage wholesaler, though he also wrote articles on philosophical subjects. His brother was Meyer Schapiro.
He excelled in mathematics and Latin at school. At 16, He entered Columbia University on a Pulitzer Scholarship. He received an advanced degree from Columbia University in engineering in 1925.
Schapiro excelled also in chess. He led the Columbia University chess team to four national championships. In New York, he took 3rd, behind Dawid Janowski and Roy Turnbull Black, in 1920, twice won Manhattan CC championship in 1921 and 1922, and took 9th in 1923 (Oscar Chajes won). Schapiro won a match against Chajes (7.5 : 5.5) in 1923. He took 5th at Lake Hopatcong 1923 (American Chess Congress, Frank James Marshall won), tied for 4-5th at New York 1924 (José Raúl Capablanca won), and took 2nd, behind Abraham Kupchik, at New York 1924.
Schapiro served as head of his own investment banking firm, M. A. Schapiro & Company. He established new business techniques for the banking industry. He also led some of the banking industry's largest mergers: Chase Bank and the Bank of Manhattan in 1955, then Chemical Bank and New York Trust in 1959. "On both deals, Mr. Schapiro followed his traditional strategy. He recommended the two banks' stocks to affluent clients, then asked them to press the banks' managements to agree to a deal," the New York Times wrote in his obituary.
Schapiro was a major donor to Columbia University, including Schapiro Hall (dormitory) and the Morris A. Schapiro Center for Engineering and Physical Science Research.
Personal life and death
Schapiro married Alma Binion Cahn, a painter, who died in 1987, after 58 years of marriage. They had two children, Linda Schapiro Collins and Dr. Daniel Schapiro. His grandchildren include painter Jacob Collins.
Schapiro died aged 93 at his New York City apartment in 1996, only a few months after his brother Meyer.
- Morrow, David J. (26 December 1996). "Morris Schapiro, 93, Banker Behind Major U.S. Mergers". New York Times. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- Manhattan Chess Club at the Wayback Machine (archived October 28, 2009)
- Welcome to the Chessmetrics site
- The Frank James Marshall Electronic Archive and Museum: Tournament and Match Record
- "Name Index to Jeremy Gaige's Chess Tournament Crosstables, An Electronic Edition". Malmö: Anders Thulin. 1 September 2004.