Mount Vernon, Iowa

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Mount Vernon, Iowa
City
Mount-Vernon-Commercial-2.jpg
Location of Mount Vernon, Iowa
Location of Mount Vernon, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°55′27″N 91°25′11″W / 41.92417°N 91.41972°W / 41.92417; -91.41972Coordinates: 41°55′27″N 91°25′11″W / 41.92417°N 91.41972°W / 41.92417; -91.41972
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Linn
Area[1]
 • Total 3.50 sq mi (9.06 km2)
 • Land 3.49 sq mi (9.04 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 879 ft (268 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 4,506
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 4,583
 • Density 1,291.1/sq mi (498.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 52314
Area code(s) 319
FIPS code 19-54840
GNIS feature ID 0459344
Website City Website

Mount Vernon is a city in Linn County, Iowa, United States, adjacent to the city of Lisbon. The city's population was 3,390 when the 2000 census figures were released, but that number was later revised to 3,808 because the Census Bureau had incorrectly reported that 418 residents of a Cornell College dormitory in Mount Vernon lived in the nearby city of Bertram.[4] A special census taken by the city in 2004 counted 4,171 residents.[5] The population was 4,506 at the 2010 census. Mount Vernon is part of the Cedar Rapids Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Mount Vernon is located at 41°55′27″N 91°25′11″W / 41.92417°N 91.41972°W / 41.92417; -91.41972 (41.924096, -91.419679).[6] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.50 square miles (9.06 km2), of which, 3.49 square miles (9.04 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[1]

The central geographic feature of Mount Vernon is the "mountain" on which it sits. This "mountain" is actually a paha, a ridge formed of sand and loess along the line of the prevailing wind during the ice ages.[7] The Mount Vernon paha is roughly one mile (2 km) long and 1/4 mile (1/2 km) wide, aligned along a roughly northwest to southeast axis and standing up to 100 feet (30 m) above the surrounding landscape. Uptown Mount Vernon is aligned with the southeast end of the ridge crest, while the campus of Cornell College crowns the northwest end of the ridge.

Transportation[edit]

The town is located on significant transportation corridors, both current and historical. The main line of the Union Pacific Railroad passes through the city, and the town is located on the historic Lincoln Highway. U.S. Route 30 and Iowa Highway 1 intersect in the southern part of town. Passenger train service was once provided by the Chicago and North Western Railway from a station in the north of town. The CRANDIC interurban electric railway ran from Cedar Rapids, through downtown Mount Vernon, and ended in nearby Lisbon. The interurban ran from 1914 to 1928 and took 45 minutes to travel to the western terminus of Cedar Rapids. Nearby stops included Bertram, the Palisades and Cornell College.

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop.   ±%  
1870 910 —    
1880 977 +7.4%
1890 1,259 +28.9%
1900 1,629 +29.4%
1910 1,532 −6.0%
1920 1,466 −4.3%
1930 1,441 −1.7%
1940 1,489 +3.3%
1950 2,320 +55.8%
1960 2,593 +11.8%
1970 3,018 +16.4%
1980 3,325 +10.2%
1990 3,657 +10.0%
2000 3,390 −7.3%
2010 4,506 +32.9%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 4,506 people, 1,353 households, and 894 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,291.1 inhabitants per square mile (498.5 /km2). There were 1,397 housing units at an average density of 400.3 per square mile (154.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.0% White, 0.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population.

There were 1,353 households of which 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.9% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.14.

The median age in the city was 24.4 years. 22.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 27.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.7% were from 25 to 44; 20.1% were from 45 to 64; and 9.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 3,390 people, 1,129 households, and 795 families residing in the city. The population density was 973.0 people per square mile (376.1/km²). There were 1,192 housing units at an average density of 342.1 per square mile (132.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.05% White, 0.65% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.94% of the population.

There were 1,129 households out of which 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.09.

The age spread: 25.6% under the age of 18, 20.5% from 18 to 24, 23.2% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $51,228, and the median income for a family was $59,205. Males had a median income of $39,402 versus $27,358 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,027. About 4.1% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

Located on Highway 30, is a local artist's rendition of Grant Wood's American Gothic, on the side of a barn.[9]

Annual events[edit]

A sidewalk-chalk festival, Chalk the Walk, takes place each May. People from all over are encouraged to perform their own artwork on more than 4,000 square feet (370 m2) of the main street.[9] Magical Night, a downtown Christmas festival, takes place in December. Other events include the Chocolate Stroll, Heritage Days, Chili Cook-Off, and Uptown Thursday Nights.

Popular culture[edit]

In the October 2009 edition of Budget Travel Magazine in an article entitled America's Coolest Small Towns Mount Vernon was included as one of the ten selected. A quote from the magazine. "Every now and then, you stumble upon a town that's gotten everything right—great coffee, food with character, shop owners with purpose." [9]

Education[edit]

Mount Vernon is the home of Cornell College, a liberal arts institution with an enrollment of approximately 1,200 students. Cornell's entire campus is on the National Register of Historic Places.

Mount Vernon has a middle school, high school, and elementary school. A new high school was built in 2006. The middle school moved to the old high school.

In the United States general elections, 2006, Cornell political science professor David Loebsack was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in an upset victory over 15-term incumbent Jim Leach.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ eReport: Spring 2002, Cornell College, 2002. Accessed 2007-08-18.
  5. ^ State Data Center[not specific enough to verify]
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ Early History, Growth and Development of Mount Vernon, Robert Meeker, n.d. Accessed 2008-08-12.
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ a b c "America's Coolest Small Towns". Budget Travel. October 2009. Retrieved January 19, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Matt Kroul". NFL. Retrieved March 10, 2011. 

External links[edit]