Mudiriyah

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Mudiriyah (Arabic: مديرية‎, plural Mudiriyat), meaning "directorate" (from مدير mudir, meaning "director"), is an administrative subdivision also known in English as mudirate,[1] and often translated as "province".[2][3] It was formerly used in Egypt and in Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.[1] The term was also used in Yemen.[4] The mudiriya were subdivided into markaz, or districts.[3] In modern Egypt, these subdivisions were replaced by governorates (muhafazat).

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Nachtigal, Gustav (1971) Sahara and Sudan: Wadai and Darfur (Volume 4 of Sahara and Sudan) Hurst, London, page 413, OCLC 27836995
  2. ^ Amery, Harold François Saphir (1905) English-Arabic vocabulary for the use of officials in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan Intelligence Department, Egyptian Ministry of War, Al-Mokattam Printing Office, Cairo, page 435, OCLC 7582223
  3. ^ a b Johnson, Amy J. (2004) Reconstructing Rural Egypt: Ahmed Hussein and the history of Egyptian development Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, New York, page 281, ISBN 0-8156-3014-X
  4. ^ Salmoni, Barak A.; Loidolt, Bryce and Wells, Madeleine (2010) Regime and periphery in Northern Yemen: the Huthi phenomenon (Rand Corporation monograph series, MG-962-DIA) Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, California, pages 81-82, ISBN 978-0-8330-4933-9

See also[edit]