19 February 1904|
Great Blasket Island
|Died||25 June 1950
Connemara Coast, Ireland
|Occupation||Author and Garda Síochána|
|Notable work(s)||Fiche Bliain ag Fás
(in English, Twenty Years a'Growing)
Maurice O'Sullivan (Irish: Muiris Ó Súilleabháin, Irish pronunciation: [ˈmˠɪɾʲɪʃ oː sˠuːlʲəˈvˠɑːnʲ]; 19 February 1904 – 25 June 1950), an Irish author, famous for his memoir of growing up on the Great Blasket Island and in Dingle, County Kerry, off the western coast of Ireland.
Fiche Bliain ag Fás was published in Irish and English in 1933. As one of the last areas of Ireland in which the old Irish language and culture had continued unchanged, the Great Blasket Island was a place of enormous interest to those seeking traditional Irish narratives. Ó Súilleabháin was persuaded to write his memoirs by George Thomson, a linguist and professor of Greek who had come to the island to hear and learn the Irish language. It was Thomson who encouraged him to go into the Guards, rather than emigrate to America as most of the young people did. Thomson edited and assembled the memoir, and arranged for its translation into English with the help of Moya Llewelyn Davies.
While Fiche Bliain ag Fás was received with tremendous enthusiasm by critics, including E.M. Forster, their praise at times had a condescending tone. Forster described the book as a document of a surviving "Neolithic" culture. Such interest was tied up with romantic notions of the Irish primitive, and thus when Ó Súilleabháin tried to find a publisher for his second book, Fiche Bliain faoi Bhláth (in English, Twenty Years a-Flowering), there was little interest, as this narrative necessarily departed from the romantic realm of turf fires and pipe-smoking wise-women.
Following the death of his mother when he was six months old, Ó Súilleabháin was raised in an institution in Dingle, Co. Kerry. Aged eight, he returned to Great Blasket Island to live with his father, grandfather and the rest of his siblings, and learnt the native language. He joined the Garda Síochána in Dublin in 1927 and was stationed in the Gaeltacht area of Connemara, where he kept up contact with Thomson. In 1934, Ó Súilleabháin left the Guards and settled in Connemara. Ó Súilleabháin drowned on 25 June 1950, while swimming off the Connemara coast.
- Fiche Bliain ag Fás (First ed.). Baile Átha Cliath: Clólucht an Talbóidigh. 1933. p. 381.
- Twenty Years a'Growing [Fiche Bliain ag Fás]. Trans. Moya Llewelyn Davies & George Thomson. (First ed.). New York, USA: Viking Books. 1933. p. 303.
- Vingt ans de jeunesse [Fiche Bliain ag Fás] (in French). traduit de l'anglais par Raymond Queneau. Paris, France: Gallimard.
- Stewart, Bruce (2010). "Muiris O Súilleabháin (1904-50)". Ricorso. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
- Thomas, Dylan. "A film script of Twenty years a-growing : from the story by Maurice O'Sullivan". Retrieved 29 March 2012.
- "Muiris Ó Súilleabháin (Maurice O'Sullivan): 1904 - 1950". Irish lives remembered. Retrieved 29 March 2012.