Musica notturna delle strade di Madrid
Musica notturna delle strade di Madrid (Night Music of the Streets of Madrid,), Opus 30 No. 6 (G. 324), is a quintettino (quintet) for stringed instruments (ca. 1780), by Luigi Boccherini, the Italian composer in service to the Spanish Court from 1761 to 1805.
The Italian composer Luigi Boccherini was attached to the Court of the Spanish Infante, Luis Antonio (1727–85), brother of King Charles III of Spain (1759–88). For having married a common citizen, King Charles exiled the Infante from the Madrid Court to the Arenas de San Pedro palace in Ávila province. As a courtier of Luis Antonio, Boccherini joined the exile, and found himself with much time for composition, and there completed more than one hundred pieces.
Musica notturna delle strade di Madrid describes the bustling streets of night-time Madrid; about the composition, critic Jaume Tortella writes:
- “Taking its inspiration from nocturnal street scenes of Madrid, it seems to look back nostalgically to the gaiety and bustle of Spain’s capital, recalling the sound of the city’s church bells ringing for evening prayer, the popular dances that were the delight of its young people, and the blind beggars singing their typical viellas de rueda until the soldiers from the local garrison sound the midnight curfew with their Retreat.”
The composition was famous in Spain during Boccherini’s life; the best-known versions are arrangements of the Ritirata (Retreat) movement incorporated to the (G418) piano quintet, and the (G453) guitar quintet. The Night Music of the Streets of Madrid was published years after Boccherini’s death, because, he told his publisher: “The piece is absolutely useless, even ridiculous, outside Spain, because the audience cannot hope to understand its significance, nor the performers to play it as it should be played.”
Since the mid-twentieth-century revival of interest in the music of Luigi Boccherini, the Ritirata became well-known; Luciano Berio used it as the basis for a composition superimposing the four known settings of the Ritirata, all playing concurrently, ebbing and flowing synchronously and asynchronously. Despite its slightly jokey nature, like Berio’s folk-song settings, his Ritirata interpretation is attractive and approachable, acknowledging and expanding upon Boccherini’s composition.
In 1975, the Boccherini Quintet, on the Ensayo record label, recorded an exceptional interpretation of Musica notturna delle strade di Madrid, that in 1976 won the Grand Prix du Disque, by the Académie Charles Cros.
Musica notturna delle strade di Madrid comprises these movements:
- Le campane de l’Ave Maria – The Ave Maria Bell; the main church calls the faithful for the Ave Maria prayers.
- Il tamburo dei Soldati – The Soldiers’ drum.
- Minuetto dei Ciechi – The Minuet of the Blind Beggars; Boccherini directed the cellists to place their instruments upon their knees, and strum them, like guitars.
- Il Rosario (Largo assai, allegro, largo come prima) – The Rosary, a slow section not played in strict time.
- Passa Calle (Allegro vivo) – The Passacaglia of the Street Singers, known as Los Manolos, lower-class loudmouths; not a true passacaglia, yet imitates their singing. In Spanish, pasacalle denotes “pass along the street”, singing as one seeks amusement.
- Il tamburo – The drum.
- Ritirata (Maestoso) – The retreat of the Madrid military night watch; the Watch’s patrol, announcing the curfew, and closing the streets for the night.
- The girlfriend of an undercover policeman plays a recording of Musica notturna delle strade di Madrid in the film Cruising (1980).
- The “Passa calle” was played in the opening of Barcelona 1992 Summer Olympic Games; and is in the end of the film Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World (2003).
- The "Passa calle" was featured in the ending scene of Sherlock Holmes and the Case of the Silk Stocking.(TV, 2004)
- The "Passa calle" was featured in the opening scene and continued as a theme throughout episode 12 of The Good Wife "Alienation of Affection" of season 3.(original air date, Jan. 9, 2012)
- Notes from the webpage of Edition Silvertrust, publishers of the parts and score accessed December 2008
- Jaume Tortella, Boccherini: The Essence of Good Taste', Opus 30, No. 6 (G. 324), Le Concert des Nations, Jordi Savall (2005), Alia Vox, EAN 7619986098456, pp. 40–41.
- Andrés Ruiz de Tarazona, 'Boccherini's music', pp. 47–48.