Nagybörzsöny

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Nagybörzsöny
Village
Aerial photograph of Nagybörzsöny
Aerial photograph of Nagybörzsöny
Nagybörzsöny is located in Hungary
Nagybörzsöny
Nagybörzsöny
Coordinates: 47°56′N 18°50′E / 47.933°N 18.833°E / 47.933; 18.833
Country  Hungary
Region Central Hungary
County Pest County
Sub region Szobi
Area
 • Total 50.69 km2 (19.57 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2008)
 • Total 795
 • Density 15.68/km2 (40.6/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 2634
Area code(s) 36 27
Website www.nagyborzsony.hu

Nagybörzsöny (German: Deutsch Pilsen, Deutschpilsen) is a village in Pest county, Hungary.


Location[edit]

Nagybörzsöny is a village in the Börzsöny Mountains. In the vicinity we can find the National Park of Duna-Ipoly. The Börzsöny-creek flows through the village.

History[edit]

The earlier name of this village was Börzsöny and was, in all probability, founded in the 12th century by King Géza II of Hungary. In medieval times, it was able to grow into a full-fledged mining town due to its proximity to various ores, including gold. Documents dating from 1312 already describe these mines. However, the most significant part in the mines' history took place in the eighteenth century. In 1789, Pál Kitaibel officially discovered the element Tellurium in the Nagybörzsöny ores. Two other Hungarians were also noted for their research of the element. In 1782, Franz-Joseph Müller von Reichenstein, otherwise known as (Müller Ferenc), independently named the element. A third Hungarian who also laid claim to Tellurium was Ignaz von Born. Muller was from Sibiu/Nagyszeben in what is now Transylvania, and von Born worked in Vienna. In 1798, the new element was named by Martin Heinrich Klaproth; the name is derived from the Latin word "tellus", meaning earth. Tellurium has thermoelectric applications, and was used in alloys within the steel industry. The element eventually played an important role in the making of the outer shell of the first atom bomb.

Sightseeings[edit]

  • The main attraction of the village is an architectural one: The Árpád age romanesque church of Szent István-templom, built in the 13th century. The church is surrounded by walls.
  • Saint Nicolaus church
  • Church of the miners. Gothic style, built in the 14th century
  • Evangelic church classicist style, built in the 18th cebtury
  • Watermill: industrial memorial

References[edit]

  • Aradi N. (Ed.): A művészet története Magyarországon. (The History of Arts in Hungary). Gondolat, Budapest
  • Fülep L. (Ed.): A magyarországi művészet története. (The History of the Hungarian Arts). Budapest
  • Gerevich T.: Magyarország románkori emlékei. (Die romanische Denkmäler Ungarns.) Egyetemi nyomda. Budapest, 1938.
  • Gerő L. : Magyar műemléki ABC. Budapest, 1984
  • Henszlmann, I. (1876): Magyarország ó-keresztyén, román és átmeneti stylü mű-emlékeinek rövid ismertetése, (Old-Christian, Romanesque and Transitional Style Architecture in Hungary). Királyi Magyar Egyetemi Nyomda, Budapest
  • Marosi E.: A román kor művészete, (Art of the Romanesque Ages). Corvina, Budapest, 1972, ISBN 963-13-2000-6

Gallery[edit]

Outer links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°56′N 18°50′E / 47.933°N 18.833°E / 47.933; 18.833