Nathan Oliveira at his Stanford home, 1977
|Born||December 19, 1928
|Died||November 13, 2010 (aged 81)
Palo Alto, California
|Education||California College of the Arts|
|Known for||Painting, Sculpture|
Nathan Oliveira (December 19, 1928 – November 13, 2010) was an American painter, printmaker, and sculptor, born in Oakland, California to immigrant Portuguese parents. Since the late 1950s Oliveira has been the subject of nearly one hundred solo exhibitions in addition to having been included hundreds of group exhibitions, in important museums and galleries worldwide. He taught studio art for several decades in California beginning in the early 1950s when he taught at the California College of the Arts (formerly California College of Arts and Crafts) in Oakland. Then, after serving as a visiting artist at several universities, he became a Professor of Studio Art at Stanford University.
In 1999 Nathan Oliveira was awarded the Distinguished Degree of "Commander" in "The Order of the Infante D. Henrique," awarded by the President of Portugal and the Portuguese government, for his artistic and cultural achievements.
In 2002 "The Art of Nathan Oliveira," a major traveling retrospective of Oliveira's work, organized by the San Jose Museum of art, and guest curated by Peter Selz opened. The exhibition was accompanied by a monograph, "Nathan Oliveira," by Peter Selz with an introduction by Susan Landauer and essay by Joann Moser, published by the University of California Press.
Education and Teaching
Oliveira graduated from San Francisco's George Washington High School. He studied at the California College of the Arts in Oakland where he earned a BFA in 1951 and an MFA in 1952. While attending CCAC he took an eight-week summer course in painting at Mills College taught by the German Expressionist Max Beckmann. After graduation Oliveira taught art at several colleges, including the California College of the Arts, The California School of Fine Arts (now The San Francisco Art Institute) The University of Chicago, UCLA and Stanford University.
- 1952–53 Printmaking Instructor, The California School of Fine Arts, San Francisco, CA
- 1952-53 Watercolor Instructor, California College of the Arts, Oakland, CA
- 1955–56 Chair of Graphic Arts, California College of the Arts, Oakland, CA
- 1961-62 Visiting Professor in Painting, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL
- 1962-63 Visiting Professor in Studio Art, University of California, Los Angeles, CA
- 1963-64 Visiting Professor in Studio Art, Cornell University, Ithica, NY
- 1964–96 Professor of Studio Arts, Stanford University, Stanford, CA
During his Stanford years Oliveira held summer positions as a visiting artist in Colorado and Hawaii. Nathan Oliveira also served as a member of the Honorary Board of Humane Society Silicon Valley in Milpitas, California from 2007 until his death in 2010.
- 1999 Distinguished Degree of "Commander" in "The Order of the Infante D. Henrique" awarded by the President of Portugal and the Portuguese government.
- 1996 Honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts, Honoris Causa, San Francisco Art Institute, San Francisco, CA
- California Society of Printmakers Honors Nathan Oliveira for Distinguished Artistic Achievement
- 1994 Elected Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Cambridge
- Elected Academy Membership (Fellow), American Academy of Arts and Letters, New York, NY
- 1992 Ann O'Day Maples Professor in the Arts Emeritus, Stanford University, CA
- 1988 Ann O'Day Maples Professor in the Arts, Endowed Chair, Stanford University, CA
- 1985 Academician, Graphic Arts, National Academy of Design, New York, NY
- 1984 Academy Institute Award in Art, American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, New York, NY
- 1982 Elected Member, National Academy of Design, New York, NY
- 1974 National Endowment for the Arts, Individual Artist Grant
- 1968 Doctor of Fine Arts Degree, Honoris Causa, California College of Arts and Crafts, Oakland, CA
- 1963 - 4 Tamarind Lithography Fellowship, Los Angeles, CA
- 1963 Arte Actual de America y Espana Special Prize, Madrid, Spain
- 1959 Norman Wait Harris Bronze Medal, The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
- 1958 John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship
- 1957 Louis Comfort Tiffany Foundation Grant
Styles Subjects and Media
Although Oliveira is often associated with the Bay Area Figurative Movement he was aesthetically independent and felt that his paintings had been strongly influenced by Willem de Kooning, Alberto Giacometti and Francis Bacon. Prior to and during his years in art college, he viewed and was influenced by retrospectives of the European Expressionist masters Oskar Kokoschka, Edvard Munch, and Max Beckmann at the M.H. de Young Memorial Museum. He once stated: "I'm not part of the avant-garde. I'm part of the garde that comes afterward, assimilates, consolidates, refines."
Oliveira established an early reputation for his depictions of isolated figures painted in an improvisational style. Over time his subjects and style varied tremendously as he created images of animals, birds of prey, human heads, masks, nudes and still lifes of fetish objects. Oliveira also developed a series of "sites" that told the story of an invented culture with shamanic characteristics. Most of the artist's paintings are either vividly colored but somber human figures or abstract expressionist works that vaguely resemble seascapes. Sea from 1959, in the collection of the Honolulu Museum of Art, is an example of these almost abstract seascapes.
During his lifetime Oliveira made notable works in a huge range of media including oil paintings, acrylic paintings on paper, drawings in ink, charcoal and pencil, lithographs, etchings, posters, and sculptures in clay, wax and bronze. Nathan Oliveira was especially noted for his work in the monotype medium, in which single printed impressions are made from a painting executed on a metal plate. He was also an accomplished sculptor. A survey of Oliveira's bronzes was held at the Palo Alto Art Center in 2008.
A 1960 oil painting by Nathan Oliveira, "Seated Figure with Pink Background," sold for $317,500 (including buyer's premium) at Sotheby's New York on November 12, 2002.
Windhover Contemplative Center
During the 1990s Oliveira worked on a series of paintings of catenary curves based on observation of the flight of birds, including kestrels that had hovered outside the windows of his studio in the Stanford Hills. This series was dubbed the "Windhover" series by Oliveira's friend, poet Desmond Egan, who detected parallels between the paintings and the 1877 Gerard Manley Hopkins poem "The Windhover."
In June 2013 Stanford University started construction of the "Windhover Contemplative Center," a 4,000 square foot one story building that will house four paintings from Oliveira's Windhover series. The center, which is intended to provide Stanford faculty, staff and students with a place to reflect and meditate, was envisioned by Oliveira and his wife Ramona prior to their deaths.
Designed by Aidlin Darling Design architects, the Windhover Contemplative Center will be located in front of Roble Hall. Constructed with rammed earth and wooden walls, the center features three interior rooms to house the Oliveira paintings. Outside landscaping will include a reflection pool and garden areas for meditation. The building will be enclosed in glass, allowing for viewing of the Oliveira paintings even from outside. Slated for opening on October 1, 2014, the building has been designed so that mobile phones, computers and other electronic devices will not work inside. The center will be open only to Stanford students and staff with the exception of weekly public tours organized by the Cantor Arts Center.
- Rogers, Diane (November/December, 2002) "The Color of His Dreams"Stanford Magazine
- Marsha Mateyka Gallery "Nathan Oliveira Biography"
- Baker, Kenneth (November 19, 2010) "Nathan Oliveira - Giant on Bay Area Art Scene." San Francisco Chronicle.
- Gottschalk, Mary (September 6, 2012) "Humane Society Silicon Valley offers exhibit of Nathan Oliveira's paintings of his pets"San Jose Mercury News
- Stanford News Service (January/February, 2011) "Obituary: Nathan Oliveira"
- Mateyka Gallery(September 15, 2012)"Nathan Oliveira Paintings, Sculpture, Monotypes and Watercolors from the Estate of the Artist"
- Grimes, William, "Nathan Oliveira, 81, Dies; Painted Human Conflict", New York Times, November 19, 2010, p. B17
- Baker, Kenneth (August 16, 2008) "Nathan Oliveira Sculptures in Palo Alto"San Francisco Chronicle
- Blouin Art Sales Index(November 12, 2002) " Nathan Oliveira (American, 1928 - 2010)Seated Figure with Pink Background, 1960 "Artinfo.com
- Chesley, Kate (February 7, 2013) "Windhover Contemplative Center to break ground in June"
- Chesley, Kate (February 7, 2013) "Windhover Contemplative Center to break ground in June"
- Vogeley, Andrew (January 15, 2014) "Senate Approves Funds for Aziz Ansari Performance"
- John Berggruen Gallery
- In Memorian Nathan Oliveira 1928-2010
- Nathan Oliveira's Final Visions
- Nathan Oliveira (1928-2010
- NY Times obituary
- Windhover Contemplative Center to break ground in June