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national day of mourning is a day marked by mourning and memorial activities observed among the majority of a country's populace. They are designated by that nation's government. Such days include those marking the death or funeral of a renowned individual or individuals from that country or elsewhere, or the anniversary of such a death or deaths. Flying a flag of that country and/or military flag at half-mast is a common symbol.
Selected list of figures recognized by national days of mourning [ edit ]
State officials [ edit ]
Mohamed Brahmi Tunisian opposition figure and member of the Tunisian Constituent Assembly was assassinated in front of his house.
The Father of the Nation of Bangladesh,
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was killed by army officers. The officers killed his whole family except his daughters Sheikh Hasina and Sheikh Rehana. Victims of the 2005 assassination of Former Prime Minister
Rafik Hariri ( Lebanon)
Presidents of the United States, usually on the day of their funerals, beginning with John F. Kennedy (these days are also considered Federal holidays). The most recent are:
Adolf Hitler death ( Portugal) 3 days [1 ] Former
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill on 24 January 1965. January 25–27 was a period of national mourning in the United Kingdom
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk–founder of the Republic of Turkey. 10 November is the national mourning day in Turkey, commemorating Atatürk's death in November 10, 1938. Every year at 09:05 on November 10 sirens are heard across Turkey followed by a minute of tribute as well as cessation of most all activity for that duration. After the assassination of the
Swedish Social Democratic Prime Minister Olof Palme in 1986– Sweden, Cuba, Nicaragua and Vietnam. Leaders
Zhou Enlai, Mao Zedong (who was given a national mourning period lasting a week), and Deng Xiaoping– China
Diana, Princess of Wales who died on 31 August 1997. 6 September was a day of national mourning in the United Kingdom.
Yitzhak Rabin, the Prime Minister of Israel who was assassinated on 4 November 1995; a national day of mourning is commemorated in Israel and in various Jewish communities worldwide.
Emperor Hirohito of Japan, who died in January 1989; national mourning was declared for two days and the day of his funeral. [2 ] [3 ]
Indonesian former President Soeharto. Following his death in January 2008, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono declared seven days of national mourning and instructed all government officials, embassies overseas, and all Indonesian citizens to fly the Indonesia flag at half-staff in Soeharto's honor from January 27 to February 2, 2008.
Alexander Dubček's death, at the time he was the chairman of the Federal Assembly of Czechoslovakia Former
Philippine President Corazon Aquino. Following her death on 1 August 2009, then-President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo declared ten days of national mourning.
Nigerian President Umaru Yar'Adua death (mainly African countries)
Argentinean President Néstor Kirchner (mainly Latin American countries)
North Korean leader Kim Il-sung, who died on July 8, 1994, and nation's mourning period from July 8, 1994 to July 17, 1997.
Presidents of Mexico, usually on the day of their funerals (these days are usually considered municipal and religious holidays in Mexico City and federal holidays in the rest of the republic.) Miguel de la Madrid in 2012 was the most recent. North Korean leader
Kim Jong-il, who died on December 17, 2011, and nation's mourning period up to December 29 [4 ] President of the
Czech Republic Václav Havel's death on December 18, 2011; 3 days of mourning (December 21–23, 2011). [5 ]
Dom Mintoff – former prime minister of Republic of Malta died in his home in Tarxien on 20 August 2012. Days of Mourning: Friday 24 August 2012 and Saturday 25 August 2012. Philippine
Interior and Local Government Secretary Jesse Robredo who with 2 others was killed in a plane crash on 18 August 2012. 21 to 26 August were declared days of national mourning in the Philippines.
Vo Nguyen Giap - Vietnamese General died in military hospital at age 102 on 4 October 2013. 12 and 13 October were declared national mourning in Vietnam Former President of
South Africa and Anti-Apartheid campaigner Nelson Mandela, who died on 5 December 2013. Official day of National Mourning in South Africa on 8 December to 15 December 2013.
Religious figures [ edit ]
Sporting figures [ edit ]
Tragedies [ edit ]
Victims of the 19th century
Circassian Genocide are remembered in the Circassian Day of Mourning Victims of the
Soviet deportations from Estonia (1941 ; 1949) are remembered every year on June 14 in Estonia. Victims of the
Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941: Day of Remembrance and Mourning, held on June 22 annually in the countries of the CIS Victims of the
Nanking Massacre (Taiwan and mainland China)
Israel's Yom HaShoah in remembrance of the Holocaust Victims of the
Great Chilean Earthquake of 1960. Survivors and victims of European Settlement of the Americas are honored every year on Thanksgiving Day during the
National Day of Mourning protest in Plymouth, Massachusetts. First celebrated in 1970; organized by United American Indians of New England. [9 ] Victims of the
United States invasion of Panama (1989) are remembered in December Victims of the
Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 ( Hong Kong) Victims of the 1990 20 January
Black January Massacre by Soviet Union Red army ( Azerbaijan, Baku) Victims of the 1995
Oklahoma City bombing ( United States) Victims of the
Columbine High School massacre Victims of the
1999 Taiwan Earthquake (Taiwan) Victims of
September 11, 2001 attacks ( United States of America, State of Israel, Canada, France, Croatia, Republic of Korea, Japan, China, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Albania, Vietnam United Kingdom and Ireland) Victims of the
2003 Nasiriyah bombing ( Italy, May 2, 2003) Victims of the
2004 Tsunami in Southeast Asia (All parts of the world) Victims of the
2004 terrorist train bombing in Madrid, Spain ( Spain, Romania, Poland and Portugal) Victims of the
2005 terrorist bombings in London ( United Kingdom, Poland) Victims of
Hurricane Katrina (United States) August 29, 2005 Victims of the
2006 roof collapse in Katowice ( Poland), January 29, 2006 – February 1, 2006 Victims of the mining disaster at the
Halemba Coal Mine in Ruda Śląska (Poland), November 23, 2006 – November 25, 2006 Victims of the
Ulyanovskaya Mine disaster, the crash of UT Air Flight 471 and a fire in a retirement home ( Russia), March 21, 2007 Victims of the
2007 Virginia Tech Massacre (United States, held once) Victims of the crash of
TAM Airlines Flight 3054 ( Brazil, 3 days) Victims of the 2007 Slovenia floods (held September 21, 2007) (
Toše Proeski's death in a car accident on October 17, 2007 ( Macedonia) Victims of the
Polish Army aircraft crash in Mirosławiec on January 23, 2008 ( Poland) Victims of the
Northern Illinois University shooting ( United States, held once) Victims of the
fire that occurred on 28 February 2008 and caused 9 deaths on the BDZ Sofia – Kardam night train ( Bulgaria, 1 day) Victims of the
2008 Cameroonian anti-government protests, called for on the April 21, 2008 Victims of the
2008 Sichuan earthquake Victims of
Cyclone Nargis in Burma ( Myanmar, 3 days) Victims of the crash of
Spanair Flight 5022 which crashed in Madrid on August 20, 2008 Victims of the
2008 Kyrgyzstan earthquake Victims of the
Black Saturday bushfires in Australia Victims of the
Winnenden school shooting (March 12, 2009, Germany) Victims of the
2009 L'Aquila earthquake (2009, Italy) Victims of the
2009 Fire in Kamień Pomorski (2009, Poland) Victims of the bus accident in
Yambol (2009, Bulgaria) Victims of the bus accident in
Egypt (2009, Serbia) Victims of the
Užice explosion (2009, Serbia) Victims of the
Air France Flight 447- which crashed into the Atlantic Ocean on June 1, 2009. Victims of the
2009 Republic of Macedonia boat accident on Lake Ohrid (2009, Bulgaria and Republic of Macedonia) Victims of the
Maguindanao Massacre (2009, Philippines) Victims of the
Perm Lame Horse club fire (2009, Russia) Victims of the crash of
Ethiopian Airlines Flight 409 (January 2009, Lebanon) Victims of the November 2009
Fort Hood massacre by U.S. Army Major Dr. Nidal Malik Hassan ( United States) Victims of the
2010 Haiti earthquake Victims of the
2010 Madeira floods and mudslides (February 2010, Madeira, Portugal) Victims of the
2010 sinking of the Cheonan on March 26, 2010, and national mourning day of April 25 to 29 in South Korea Victims of the
2010 Polish Air Force Tu-154 crash (April 2010, Poland, Brazil, Canada, Spain, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Turkey and Ukraine) Victims of the
2010 Yushu earthquake Victims of the
2010 Dhaka fire Victims of the
2010 Yanga train derailment Victims of the
2010 Gansu mudslide [10 ] Victims of the
2010 Manila hostage crisis (August 24–26 in Hong Kong SAR of PR China, August 25 in Philippines) Victims of the
Marhanets train and bus collision (2010, Ukraine) Victims of the
Phnom Penh stampede (2010, Cambodia) Victims of the
Pike River Mine disaster (2010, New Zealand) Victims and damage of the
2010 Israel forest fire [11 ] Victims of the January
2011 Tucson shooting ( United States) Victims of the
January 2011 Rio de Janeiro floods and mudslides (2011, Brazil, 3 days) Victims of the
Rio de Janeiro school shooting (2011, Brazil) Victims of the
2011 Norway attacks ( Norway, Sweden) Victims of the
2012 Buenos Aires train crash ( Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2 days) Victims of the 2012
Szczekociny train collision ( Poland) Victims of the 2012
Sierre bus disaster ( Belgium, 1 day) Victims of the 2012
Dana Airline Flight 9J-997 crash ( Lagos, Nigeria, 3 days) [12 ] Victims of the
2012 Northern Italy earthquakes ( Italy, 1 day) Victims of the
2012 Russian floods ( Russia, 1 day) Victims of the
July 2012 Aurora, Colorado movie theater shooting ( United States) Victims of the August 5, 2012
2012 Wisconsin Sikh temple shooting ( United States) Victims of the
2012 Egyptian–Israeli border attack ( Egypt, 3 days) Victims of the
2012 East Azerbaijan earthquakes ( Iran, 2 days) Victims of the
2012 Disaster at the Paraguana Refinery Complex ( Venezuela, 3 days) Victims of the
December 2012 Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting ( United States) Victims of the 2013 Houphouet-Boigny stampede (Ivory Coast, 3 days)
Victims of the
2013 Santa Maria nightclub fire (Brazil, 3 days) [13 ] Victims of the 2013
Pemex Executive Tower explosion ( Mexico, 3 days) [14 ] Victims of the
2013 Bulgarian protests ( Bulgaria, 1 day) Victims of the
2013 Romanian bus accident in Montenegro Victims of the 2013
Santiago de Compostela derailment ( Spain, 3 day) Victims of the
2013 Sardinia floods (November 22, 2013, Italy, 1 day) Victims of the
2014 Algeria Lockheed C-130 Hercules crash Victims of the
2014 Soma mine disaster ( Turkey, 3 days; Northern Cyprus, 2 days; Pakistan, 1 day) [15 ] [16 ] Victims of the
2014 Southeast Europe floods ( Serbia, 3 days; Bosnia and Herzegovina,1 day) [17 ] [18 ] Victims of the
Ukrainian Air Force Ilyushin Il-76 shoot-down ( Ukraine, 1 day) [19 ] Victims of the
2014 Bulgarian floods ( Bulgaria, 1 day) [20 ] Palestinian victims of the
Operation Protective Edge ( Palestine, 3 days; Turkey 3 days; Northern Cyprus 3 days) [21 ] [22 ] [23 ] Victims of the 2014
MH17 crash ( Netherlands, 1 day) [24 ]
References [ edit ]
^ Liphshiz, Cnaan (1 February 2013). "Portugal protests Israeli diplomat’s criticism of Hitler tribute" . Retrieved 7 May 2014.
^ Sanger, David E.; Special To The New York Times (10 January 1989). "Mourning Fails to Slow Japan's Economy". The New York Times . Retrieved 8 February 2013.
^ "An Emperor's Farewell". New Straits Times . Retrieved 8 February 2013.
^ "North Korean leader Kim Jong-il dies 'of heart attack. '" BBC News. December 19, 2011.
^ Tisková zpráva vlády České republiky ze dne 19. prosince 2011
^ Serbia observes first day of mourning
^ Calkin, Jessamy (May 20, 2011). "Senna: the driver who lit up Formula One". The Daily Telegraph . Retrieved 8 February 2013.
^ "Eusébio: Governo decreta três dias de luto nacional". . Jan 5, 2014. A Bola
^ "China mourns mudslide victims as relief operation continues". Xinhua. August 16, 2010 . Retrieved August 15, 2010.
^ Lappin, Yaakov (December 2, 2010). "PM Declares National Day of Mourning Following Fire". The Jerusalem Post . Retrieved 2010-12-03.
^ "Brazil mourns Santa Maria nightclub fire victims". 2013-01-28 . Retrieved 28 January 2013.
^ January 2013 "Peña Nieto decreed three days of national mourning. (Spanish)". 01/02/2013.
^ "National mourning declared in Turkey". News.Az. 14 May 2014 . Retrieved 20 May 2014.
^ "Pakistan to observe day of mourning solidarity with Turkey". Prime Ministry of Pakistan. 2014-05-14 . Retrieved 2014-05-14.
^ "Serbia declares national mourning, flood toll rises". Reuters. 20-15-2014 . Retrieved 2014-05-20.
^ "Day of Mourning Today in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serb Republic". independent.mk. 20-15-2014 . Retrieved 2014-05-20.
^ "Ukraine declares national day of mourning". Euronews. 2014-06-15 . Retrieved 2014-06-16.
^ "Bulgarian floods: Government announces June 23 as national mouring day". StandartNews. 2014-06-20 . Retrieved 2014-06-22.
^ "Hamas' armed wing claims to have captured an Israeli soldier". Al Jazeera America. 20 May 2014 . Retrieved 21 July 2014.
^ "Turkey declares three days of mourning over Palestine deaths". Anadolu Agency. 21 July 2014 . Retrieved 21 July 2014.
^ "North Cyprus declares three days mourning for Gaza". Worldbulletin.net. 23 July 2014 . Retrieved 23 July 2014.